Veselovsky Konstantin Stepanovich
economist, statistician, climatologist.
Born in the town of Novomoskovsk, Yekaterinoslav Province. His
father served there in the Alexander Hussars, participated in the
Patriotic War of 1812, had a medal for the "Capture of Paris". In
1820, after his father retired with the rank of colonel, the family
settled in the family estate in the village of the Church of the
Mogilev province. However,
after six years, my father went to the civil service for the
supervision of gold mines in the Urals. His
place of residence was Zlatoust, and his mother and children moved
to the village of Petrovskoye near Smolensk.
Primary education Veselovsky received at home, but from 13 years
after the death of his mother, and then his father was in the care
of one of the uncles, who did not burden himself with special cares
about his nephew. Fortunately,
the capable and purposeful boy did not get lost in life. Being one of
the best students in the gymnasium, he was invited to the Imperial
Alexander Lyceum, which he graduated in 1838 with a gold medal.
Veselovsky devoted his professional activities mainly
to political economy and statistics, in which he included the study
of climate. After
entering the service of the Ministry of State Property after
graduating from the Lyceum, Veselovsky held various posts in the
agricultural department for 15 years, combining this activity with
various public and state commissions. But
his main vocation was scientific research, which eventually led him
to the Academy of Sciences. In
1852 he was elected an associate academy, in 1855, an extraordinary,
and in 1859, an ordinary academician. Thanks
to his scientific and social activities, Veselovsky gained great
prestige and influence and already in 1857 became secretary of the
academy, occupying this post for 32 years.
Veselovsky left behind a number of major scientific essays and
dozens of journal articles, striking colleagues with his
tirelessness, remarkable versatility, and encyclopedic knowledge. As
a statistician, he had an excellent mathematical background, was a
serious financier. He
is even more indebted to agricultural science and its associated
meteorology and climatology. Veselovsky
is rightfully recognized as the founder of climatology in Russia. For
the fundamental work "On the Climate of Russia" in 1858, he was
awarded the highest award by the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society - the Konstantinovskaya
it was said at the award ceremony, "in this industry Veselovsky
rendered the same service to Russian science as Karamzin of
His research interests included research into the causes of
morbidity and mortality in Russian cities, the problem of suicide,
he developed the first soil map of the European part of Russia, left
a significant mark in ethnography, wrote a lot on the history of the
Academy of Sciences. Climatic
research Veselovsky based on organized observations.
In the 1840s, Veselovsky was at the head of a group of economists
who came out with a project of bourgeois reforms, criticized
serfdom, explaining the instability of landlord farms and the
decline in their profitability by the system of forced labor. In
his work “Real Estate Statistics in St. Petersburg”, he touched upon
the sanitary conditions of the workers and the poorest classes of
the population, for which the book was temporarily withdrawn from
1848, he refused anti-serfdom speeches.
Veselovsky’s scientific merits are marked by his election as a
corresponding member and full member of a number of foreign
the same time, he was opposed to the election to the Russian Academy
of Sciences of D.I. Mendeleev.
He died in St. Petersburg. He
was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery. The
grave is not preserved.
Middendorf Bay on the Taimyr Peninsula. Named
in 1900 by E.V. Toll.