Veselovsky Konstantin Stepanovich 
(20.05.(01.06.).1819– 03.11.(16.11.).1901)


Russian economist, statistician, climatologist. 
Born in the town of Novomoskovsk, Yekaterinoslav Province. His father served there in the Alexander Hussars, participated in the Patriotic War of 1812, had a medal for the "Capture of Paris". In 1820, after his father retired with the rank of colonel, the family settled in the family estate in the village of the Church of the Mogilev province. However, after six years, my father went to the civil service for the supervision of gold mines in the Urals. His place of residence was Zlatoust, and his mother and children moved to the village of Petrovskoye near Smolensk. 
Primary education Veselovsky received at home, but from 13 years after the death of his mother, and then his father was in the care of one of the uncles, who did not burden himself with special cares about his nephew. Fortunately, the capable and purposeful boy did not get lost in life.Being one of the best students in the gymnasium, he was invited to the Imperial Alexander Lyceum, which he graduated in 1838 with a gold medal. 
Veselovsky devoted his professional activities mainly to political economy and statistics, in which he included the study of climate. After entering the service of the Ministry of State Property after graduating from the Lyceum, Veselovsky held various posts in the agricultural department for 15 years, combining this activity with various public and state commissions. But his main vocation was scientific research, which eventually led him to the Academy of Sciences. In 1852 he was elected an associate academy, in 1855, an extraordinary, and in 1859, an ordinary academician. Thanks to his scientific and social activities, Veselovsky gained great prestige and influence and already in 1857 became secretary of the academy, occupying this post for 32 years. 
Veselovsky left behind a number of major scientific essays and dozens of journal articles, striking colleagues with his tirelessness, remarkable versatility, and encyclopedic knowledge. As a statistician, he had an excellent mathematical background, was a serious financier. He is even more indebted to agricultural science and its associated meteorology and climatology. Veselovsky is rightfully recognized as the founder of climatology in Russia. For the fundamental work "On the Climate of Russia" in 1858, he was awarded the highest award by the IRGO - the Konstantinovskaya Medal. As it was said at the award ceremony, "in this industry Veselovsky rendered the same service to Russian science as Karamzin of history." 
His research interests included research into the causes of morbidity and mortality in Russian cities, the problem of suicide, he developed the first soil map of the European part of Russia, left a significant mark in ethnography, wrote a lot on the history of the Academy of Sciences. Climatic research Veselovsky based on organized observations. 
In the 1840s, Veselovsky was at the head of a group of economists who came out with a project of bourgeois reforms, criticized serfdom, explaining the instability of landlord farms and the decline in their profitability by the system of forced labor. In his work “Real Estate Statistics in St. Petersburg”, he touched upon the sanitary conditions of the workers and the poorest classes of the population, for which the book was temporarily withdrawn from circulation. After 1848, he refused anti-serfdom speeches. 
Veselovsky’s scientific merits are marked by his election as a corresponding member and full member of a number of foreign academies. At the same time, he was opposed to the election to the Russian Academy of Sciences of D.I. Mendeleev. 
He died in St. Petersburg. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery. The grave is not preserved. 
Bay in Middendorf Bay on the Taimyr Peninsula. Named in 1900 by E.V. 
Toll.

 

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