Wilczek Hans Johan Nepomuk 
(07.12.1837–27.01.1922)


Count, a chamberlain of the Austrian court, one of the richest landowners in Austria, a learned philanthropist. 
Wilczek donated to finance the expedition of J. Payer and K. Weyprecht on the vessel "Tegetthof" 40 thousand guilders. However, he was not only a "golden bag" and the patron of the expedition, but also its active assistant directly in the Arctic. On the ship "Ysbjorn" he organized an auxiliary expedition to the region of Spitsbergen and to Novaya Zemlya, where he laid emergency stations for the expedition of Payer-Weyprecht. Then "Isbjorn" caught up with "Tagetthof" and accompanied him to  Barents Island. On the way back, the Wilczek expedition, exploring the western shores of Novaya Zemlya, collected numerous zoological and geological collections. From the mouth of the Pechora, Wilczek, together with geologist Gefer, made a 6-week pedestrian journey to Perm, from where he returned to Vienna via Moscow. The most interesting photographic views of Spitsbergen, Novaya Zemlya and the Pechora region were made and delivered to Russia. A detailed description of his journey was published in 1874 in a journal published by A. Peterman. Wilczek took a number of measures to discover the Payer-Weyprecht expedition. He ordered 50 balloons, which, with notes attached to them, distributed to Norwegian whalers and Russian industrialists who were supposed to release them in various places in the Arctic, appointed a prize of 1000 guilders for detecting traces of the expedition. The Russian coast-dwellers, who met the Austrian expedition returning on the boats, found copies of Wilczek's appeal, which contributed to the rapid establishment of mutual understanding and the provision of necessary assistance. 
Wilczek was a highly respected person in geographical circles. 
He was one of the initiators of organizing and conducting research within the I International Polar Year, was a member of the International Polar Commission, headed by G.I. Wild, subsidized the organization of the polar stations Malye Karmakuly (Novaya Zemlya archipelago) and Jan- Mayen (the island of Jan-Mayen).

 

Wilczek Kreuzenstein Castle, 20 km from Vienna

 


For financing the expedition of Payer and Weiprecht, Wilczek was awarded the rank of Privy Counselor by the Austrian Emperor.

He was buried in the family crypt under the chapel of the castle Kreuzenstein. 
The island (Wilczek Land) in the east of Franz Josef Land archipelago. Opened and named by Y. Paier in 1873.

 

Island of Wilczek

(photo by EA Korago)

View from about. Gallia on the cape Ganza of the land of Wilczek

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)


An island in the south of the archipelago Franz Josef Land. Opened and named by Y. Paier in 1873.

 

Wilczek Island

(photo by E.A. Gusev)


The mountains in the north of the Matochkin Shar Strait  between the northern and southern islands of Novaya Zemlya. In 1872,  Named by he geologist Hefer  a member of the Austro-Hungarian expedition to Novaya Zemlya.

Cape on the north coast of Hornsund Bay on the island of Western Spitsbergen.

 

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