Vilkitsky Andrey Ippolitovich
outstanding hydrograph, geodesist, explorer of the Arctic. B.A.Vilkitsky's
Born in Saratov, in a military family, hereditary nobleman of
Minsk province. He
graduated from the Marine Corps and in 1880, according to the first
category, the Naval Academy, trained for three years in practical
astronomy at the Pulkovo Observatory. Before
Vilkitsky opened up broad prospects for research and teaching, but
he chose to work at sea. In
a midshipman and lieutenant, he was the head of a hydrographic
expedition that surveyed Lake Onega, from 1887 for 20 years engaged
in Arctic hydrographic research: on Novaya Zemlya, in the Pechora
Sea, Ob Bay and the Yenisei Bay of the Kara Sea. Vilkitsky
was the first in the Russian sector of the Arctic to work on
determining the acceleration of gravity. For
these studies in 1887, he was awarded a small
gold medal from the IRGO ,
and in 1891 - a medal
of Count F.P. Litke. In
the rank of colonel, he was the commander of a hydrographic
expedition of the Arctic Ocean that explored the southern parts of
Sea and Kara
Sea in the area from the mouth of the Pechora to the Yenisei Bay,
including the Ugra
After the tragic end of the Russian-Japanese war, the government
finally paid attention to the sea route along the northern coast of
commission was set up to develop a project for the development of
the Northern Sea Route. Headed
Vilkitsky Expedition in Ugra
In 1907, in the rank of Major General, he was appointed head of
the State University and held this position until the end of his
life, making an enormous contribution to the development of
hydrographic research, including and
great importance for the Russian fleet was its organizational work
to ensure the safety of navigation: the construction of lighthouses
and signs, the publication of new maps, the establishment of the
Special Corps of hydrographs. When
organizing research and expeditions, Vilkitsky always put Russia’s
economic needs at the forefront. He
was an opponent of the allocation of state funds for the expedition G.Ya. Sedov.
A plaque on the Vilkitsky house at
St. Petersburg, nab. Canal
The invaluable merit of the head of the GSU
Vilkitsky is the organization of a hydrographic expedition on the
icebreaking vessels Taimyr and Vaigach, famous for the discovery of
Severnaya Zemlya and the passage through the Northern Sea Route from
east to west.
Vilkitsky's merits were awarded the orders of St.
Stanislav 1 , 2 and 3 degrees,
St. Vladimir 3 and 4 degrees,
St. Anne 3
the French Order of
the Legion of Honor of the Commander's Cross .
Vilkitsky Island in the De Long archipelago
In 1913, Vilkitsky was enrolled in the hydrographic corps with
the title of hydrographic surveyor, promoted to full generals of the
hydrographic corps, and dismissed due to illness. Soon
he died suddenly in Petersburg and was buried in the Smolensk
Orthodox cemetery along
with his younger son: two granite crosses on pedestals.
the northwestern part of the archipelago of Nordensheld. Named
in 1901 RPE.
An island in
the De Long archipelago in the East Siberian Sea. It
was opened on August 20, 1913, by the h / e SLO and named on 10 (23)
January 1914 by order of the Minister of the Navy.
An island in
the north-west of the Yenisei Bay. Opened
in 1874 by I.
Wiggins on the
steamer "Diana". Named
by the resolution of the IRGO of February 17, 1896.
Cape, bay, mountain and glacier on
the west coast of the northern island of New Earth. The
cape named in 1913 G.Ya. Sedov
Bay and Glacier - V.A. Rusanov in
Chekina Bay on the east coast of the northern island of New Earth. Named
artist A.A. Borisov in
the Ob Bay.