Vishnevsky Vikenty Karlovich
Born in Poland. He
began his scientific activity together with F.F. Schubert at
the Observatory of the Academy of Sciences, then worked at the
Pulkovo Observatory, was a professor at St. Petersburg University. In
1804, Vishnevsky was elected associate member of the Academy of
Sciences, since 1807 he has been extraordinary, and since 1815 he is
an ordinary academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
Vishnevsky was an astronomer-observer, as they say, "from God". He
possessed exceptional visual acuity, so that he could consider
objects that were invisible to others. For
example, in Petersburg, Vishnevsky observed a comet in 1807 until
March 1808, i.e. a
whole month after all the astronomers of Europe lost sight of her. He
observed the comet of 1811 in Novocherkassk from July 31 to August
17, 1812, when all other astronomers could not even find it. German
astronomer F.V. Bessel
called Vishnevsky "a virtuoso in the field of observation and an
The observations were carried out mainly in the
winter months, since the rest of the year Vishnevsky spent on
expeditions in Russia to determine the geographical location of its
most important points. He
began his trips in 1806 and graduated in 1815. Having
traveled from Libava to Yekaterinburg and from Mezen to Elbrus over
the years, Vishnevsky, with all possible accuracy and thoroughness,
determined the coordinates of about 250 points, including almost all
Since 1822, Vishnevsky served as astronomer of the Admiralty
Department of the Marine Ministry. From
1827, after the ministry was transformed, he became an astronomer at
the Hydrographic Depot.
In 1833, Vishnevsky took part in the headed by F.F. Schubert
is a chronometric expedition in the Baltic region, which made it
possible to determine with great precision the longitudes of many
important navigation points for the Baltic Sea.
The Pulkovo Observatory commemorated the famous
astronomer-traveler by placing his portrait in one of his halls. Awarded
the Order of St.Stanislav
He died in St. Petersburg, buried in the Smolensk Lutheran
grave is not preserved.
of Litke Bay on the Kara coast of the southern island of Novaya
opened and named in 1833 P.K. Pakhtusov.