Voeikov Alexander Ivanovich 
(08(20).05.1842-28.01(10.02).1916)


Russian meteorologist and geographer, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 
Born in Moscow. His uncle was a famous poet, translator, journalist Alexander Fedorovich Voeikov. 
After two years of traveling in early youth in Western Europe and Asian Turkey (Syria and Palestine) in 1860, Voeikov entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University, but next year went abroad, where he attended courses in Berlin, Heidelberg and Göttingen universities. In the last of these, in 1865, he received his Ph.D. 
Having joined the IRGO in 1866, Voeikov began to take an active part in his work and traveled on behalf of the company in 1869–70. abroad to get acquainted with meteorological stations in Vienna, Milan, Paris, Brussels and London. In 1870, he traveled to the Eastern Caucasus (Dagestan, Baku and Lenkoran). As secretary of the meteorological commission of the IRGO, Voeikov processed the observations of the rain and thunderstorm network of this commission for 1871. 
The next five years were devoted to Voeikov a number of long journeys: in 1872 he traveled around Galicia, Bukovina, Romania, Hungary and Transylvania, where he was engaged in the study of black soil. In February 1873, he was already in New York and before October of this year he made a big trip around the United States and Canada (S. Louis, New Orleans, through Texas, Colorado, Minnesota and in lake areas to Quebec). Returning to Washington, Voeikov until the spring of next year, at the suggestion of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, supplemented the extensive publication undertaken by the Institute under the title Winds of the Globe and wrote the text. The following year, he traveled to Yucatan, Mexico and South America, where he visited Lima, Lake Titicaca, Chile, and Rio de Janeiro. Returning to New York, Voeikov finished his work there for the book Winds of the Globe and then, upon returning to Russia for a short time, made a new journey around Hindustan, the island of Java and Japan. The following years he devoted to the processing of materials of his travels and meteorological work. 
In 1882, Voeikov entered as a private assistant professor at St. Petersburg University in the department of physical geography. In 1885, he became an extraordinary, and in 1887 an ordinary professor in the same department. From 1883 he was the chairman of the meteorological commission of the IRGO, was an honorary member of many Russian and foreign scientific societies. In 1884, for the work "Climates of the globe, especially Russia" was awarded the Konstantinovsky medal of the IRGO. In 1892–1904He edited the geographical materials of the 82-volume "Encyclopedic Dictionary" of Brockhaus and Efron. 
The main geophysical observatory is named after Voeikov. 
He died of pneumonia in St. Petersburg, buried in the Nikolsky cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Granite stela. 
Cape on about. Georg Land in the archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named in the 1950s by Soviet cartographers. 
Cape on the island of Barents, Svalbard. Named in 1899–1901. expedition members on the "degree measurement". 
Glacier on the west coast of the northern island of New Earth, descending into the harbor of Maka. Named in 1913 G.Ya. Sedov. 
The river flowing into the Sims Bay on the east coast of Taimyr. 
Named in 1951 by the North-Taimyr Expedition.

 

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