Voeikov Alexander Ivanovich
meteorologist and geographer, corresponding member of the Russian
Academy of Sciences.
Born in Moscow. His
uncle was a famous poet, translator, journalist Alexander Fedorovich
After two years of traveling in early youth in Western Europe and
Asian Turkey (Syria and Palestine) in 1860, Voeikov entered the
Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University, but
next year went abroad, where he attended courses in Berlin,
Heidelberg and Göttingen universities. In
the last of these, in 1865, he received his Ph.D.
Having joined the IRGO in 1866, Voeikov began to take an active
part in his work and traveled on behalf of the company in 1869–70. abroad
to get acquainted with meteorological stations in Vienna, Milan,
Paris, Brussels and London. In
1870, he traveled to the Eastern Caucasus (Dagestan, Baku and
secretary of the meteorological commission of the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society, Voeikov
processed the observations of the rain and thunderstorm network of
this commission for 1871.
The next five years were devoted to Voeikov a number
of long journeys: in 1872 he traveled around Galicia, Bukovina,
Romania, Hungary and Transylvania, where he was engaged in the study
of black soil.
In February 1873, he was already in New York and before October of
this year he made a big trip around the United States and Canada (S.
Louis, New Orleans, through Texas, Colorado, Minnesota and in lake
areas to Quebec). Returning
to Washington, Voeikov until the spring of next year, at the
suggestion of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution,
supplemented the extensive publication undertaken by the Institute
under the title Winds of the Globe and wrote the text. The
following year, he traveled to Yucatan, Mexico and South America,
where he visited Lima, Lake Titicaca, Chile, and Rio de Janeiro. Returning
to New York, Voeikov finished his work there for the book Winds of
the Globe and then, upon returning to Russia for a short time, made
a new journey around Hindustan, the island of Java and Japan. The
following years he devoted to the processing of materials of his
travels and meteorological work.
In 1882, Voeikov entered as a private assistant professor at St.
Petersburg University in the department of physical geography. In
1885, he became an extraordinary, and in 1887 an ordinary professor
in the same department. From
1883 he was the chairman of the meteorological commission of the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society, was an honorary member of many Russian and foreign scientific
1884, for the work "Climates of the globe, especially Russia" was
awarded the Konstantinovsky
medal of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. In
1892–1904 he edited the geographical materials of the 82-volume
"Encyclopedic Dictionary" of Brockhaus and Efron.
The main geophysical observatory is named after Voeikov.
He died of pneumonia in St. Petersburg, buried in the Nikolsky
cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Granite
Land in the archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named
in the 1950s by Soviet cartographers.
the island of Barents, Svalbard. Named
in 1899–1901 by expedition
members on the "degree measurement".
the west coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya, descending into
the harbor of Maka. Named
in 1913 by G.Ya. Sedov.
The river flowing
into the Sims Bay on the east coast of Taimyr. Named
in 1951 by the North-Taimyr Expedition.