Wojciechowski George Anastasievich
Arctic explorer, honorary polar explorer.
Born in Proskurov in Ukraine, in a military family, a regiment
commander who received the nobility for military merit, also marked
by the Golden Weapon. In
the defense of Port Arthur, he was in the rank of captain commanded
an artillery position at a height that dominated the harbor, port
and city. The
war ended for him with a severe wound, temporary blindness, Japanese
After the revolution, the family moved to Moscow. Here,
Wojciechowski began his studies at a forestry institute, but then
went to his sister in Kharkov and entered the geodesic institute
just organized there, where O.Yu.
mathematics and astronomy. Being
a very versatile man and very active, Wojciechowski organized a jazz
band, worked in the editorial office of a local newspaper, had a lot
of friends and acquaintances. Officers
Commissariat of Internal Affairs tried to use his interpersonal skills, suggesting
cooperation that he did not want. Apparently
away from sin, he threw the institute after the fourth year and went
to the Donbass, where he worked first in forestry as a surveyor and
then in a mine surveyor.
It was here in 1930 that Wojciechowski learned about the
organization of an Arctic expedition on the icebreaker "G. Sedov
”, whose tasks included the replacement of wintering men in Tihaya
Bay on Hooker
Island at the
Franz Josef Land archipelago, a survey of the northeastern part of
the Kara Sea and the landing of the G.A.
Ushakov on Northern
immediately came to Leningrad and came to the Arctic Institute. As
a test of his professional qualities, expedition leaders Schmidt and V.Yu.
Vize was asked to
evaluate the new German universal theodolite. He
quickly figured out the unfamiliar instrument, recognized its high
quality, but noted that the real accuracy of measurements on it
would most likely be two seconds, instead of the advertised one. He
was taken to work.
It was necessary to leave immediately, and Wojciechowski opened a
stomach ulcer, which required an urgent operation. There
is no doubt about how to proceed. Hiding
his illness from the management and the medical board, he collected
the necessary medication for the flight and, in fact, went to the
flight at the risk of his life. Just
returning, Wojciechowski went to the hospital, where he underwent a
severe operation, during which he almost died. The
disease was very neglected.
The expedition on the “Sedov” determined the whole subsequent
life of Wojciechowski. In
1932, he and his wife in the party headed by E.N.
Freiberg went to Tiksi for
the winter, where the organization of the polar station and the
laying of the seaport were planned. Here
began the friendship between the Freibergs and the Wojciechowski,
which continues even now with their children, although they are
scattered around different cities.
for processing observations. Tiksi 1932-1933
(from the archive of G.A. Voitsekhovsky)
After wintering in Tiksi, Wojciechowski worked on the Lower Lena
expedition, in Taimyr,
Chukotka, Severnaya Zemlya. In
a certificate issued on May 24, 1950 to Wojciechowski’s wife and
signed by B.V.Tkachenko,
you can read: "... For the eleven-year period of continuous work in
the Arctic Research Institute and the Research Institute of Geology
of the Arctic, Wojciechowski G.A. participated
in six long geological expeditions to the Arctic. In
between the expeditions, comrade Wojciechowski carried out the
scientific processing of his field materials, he is the author of
several published maps showing previously unexplored areas of the
Arctic and being the only ones at the moment ... ”.
The polar explorers of the Wojciechowski generation were so
captivated by the Arctic that they could not do without elements of
their field life during the inter-expeditionary periods. In
the pre-war years, the Wojciechowski family had a huge husky named
Seaman, which the owner used to put on small sledges and in the
mornings on the ice of the Neva took his wife to the university, and
then went to the Arctic Institute through the streets.
In the last pre-war New Year, traditionally, relatives and
friends gathered around the huge oak table at the Wojciechowski’s
them were Nikolai
Mutafi, Vladimir Kridener, George Afanasyev and others. The
conversation was mainly about the oncoming war, all were filled with
bad forebodings. Few
of the men present survived the war.
June 22, 1941 Wojciechowski was caught on the way to the next
Arctic expedition. Polarniks
was returned home, but Wojciechowski was not taken into the army
because of a stomach ulcer, and he went to work as a surveyor at the
headquarters of the Leningrad Front. In
December 1941, he was taken to hospital.
For the removal of Wojciechowski, the famous polar pilot I.P. Mazuruk,
but late. Wojciechowski
died at the First Marine Hospital. It
is known that he was buried at the Serafimov cemetery.
the northwest of the island Bolshevik of the archipelago Severnaya
the river flowing
from it. Named
no later than 1953 by Soviet geologists.