Wrangel Ferdinand Ferdinandovich 

Russian sailor, hydrograph, meteorologist, historian. Son of F.P. Wrangel. 
Born in St. Petersburg, in 1860 he graduated from the course in the Naval Cadet Corps, midshipman sailed on the Svetlana and Oleg frigates in the Mediterranean. Then he listened to lectures at the University of Dorpat, entered the Maritime Academy and at the end of the course (first) was sent abroad in 1868 with a scholarly goal. He studied the organization of hydrological and meteorological observations in England, Holland, Germany and the United States. Upon his return, Wrangel was in charge of physical research as part of the Black Sea hydrographic expedition; He taught hydrology and meteorology at the Maritime Academy, was an inspector, and then director of the Imperial Alexander Lyceum, was a member of the Academy of Sciences Commission on the equipment of the expedition E.V. Toll. 
During the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878. Wrangel was a flag officer at the head of the defense of the city of Ochakov. 
Wrangel devoted much time and effort to editorial and historical-literary activities. He edited the “Notes on Hydrography”, where he placed a large number of articles on hydrology and meteorology, and 12 volumes of the “Guide for navigation from Kronstadt to Vladivostok and back” published by the
Main Hydrographic Department. The first edition of this edition and the general chapters of the remaining issues are written by Wrangel himself.  In the Sea Collection for 1911 and 1912, the biography of Admiral S.O. Makarov, composed by Wrangel, was published. His main scientific works: "On the measurement of large depths", "Physical research in the Black and Azov Seas", "Novorossiysk boron and its theory", "A new way to determine distances at sea", "Black Sea depth gauge expedition of 1890".

In 1991, Wrangel was awarded the Minor Gold Medal of the Main Hydrographic Department. His merits were also awarded orders of  St. Vladimir 3 degrees, St. Stanislav 1 and 2 degrees, St. Anna 3 degrees. 
In 1896, due to illness, Wrangell was fired, went to Switzerland and lived in Ascona until the last days. Buried at the local cemetery. 
Cape in the Taimyr Gulf of the Kara Sea. The Russian Polar expedition was examined and named in 1900–1901.


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