Wrangel Ferdinand Ferdinandovich
sailor, hydrograph, meteorologist, historian. Son
of F.P. Wrangel.
Born in St. Petersburg, in 1860 he graduated from the course in
the Naval Cadet Corps, midshipman sailed on the Svetlana and Oleg
frigates in the Mediterranean. Then
he listened to lectures at the University of Dorpat, entered the
Maritime Academy and at the end of the course (first) was sent
abroad in 1868 with a scholarly goal. He
studied the organization of hydrological and meteorological
observations in England, Holland, Germany and the United States. Upon
his return, Wrangel was in charge of physical research as part of
the Black Sea hydrographic expedition; He
taught hydrology and meteorology at the Maritime Academy, was an
inspector, and then director of the Imperial Alexander Lyceum, was a
member of the Academy of Sciences Commission on the equipment of the
expedition E.V. Toll.
During the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878. Wrangel
was a flag officer at the head of the defense of the city of
Wrangel devoted much time and effort to editorial and
historical-literary activities. He
edited the “Notes on Hydrography”, where he placed a large number of
articles on hydrology and meteorology, and 12 volumes of the “Guide
for navigation from Kronstadt to Vladivostok and back” published by
The first edition of this edition and the general chapters of the
remaining issues are written by Wrangel himself. In
the Sea Collection for 1911 and 1912, the biography of Admiral S.O. Makarov,
composed by Wrangel, was published. His
main scientific works: "On the measurement of large depths",
"Physical research in the Black and Azov Seas", "Novorossiysk boron
and its theory", "A new way to determine distances at sea", "Black
Sea depth gauge expedition of 1890".
In 1991, Wrangel was awarded the Minor
Gold Medal of the Main
Hydrographic Department. His
merits were also awarded orders of
Vladimir 3 degrees, St. Stanislav 1 and 2 degrees, St.
Anna 3 degrees.
In 1896, due to illness, Wrangell was fired, went to Switzerland
and lived in Ascona until the last days. Buried
at the local cemetery.
the Taimyr Gulf of the Kara Sea. The
Russian Polar expedition was examined and named in 1900–1901.