Vylka Ilya Konstantinovich (Tyko Vylko)
statesman, researcher of the New Earth, artist.
Born on Novaya Zemlya in the Belushya Guba camp in the family of
a poor settler-hunter.
Based on his own observations, focusing on the Polar Star, Vylka
made a survey and compiled the exact map of the Novaya Zemlya coast
for its time.In the summer of 1909, he became a guide on the
expedition of V.A. Rusanov,
in the summer of 1910, circled the northern island of Novaya Zemlya
on the steamer Dmitriy Solunsky with him. As
a guide to the expedition, Vylka received a gold medal "For
Diligence" on the Anninsky ribbon.
Arkhangelsk Governor I.V. Sosnovsky took
an active part in the fate of Vylka.
Thanks to him, Vylka not knowing material concerns, the whole winter
of 1910–1911 could
study drawing and painting in Moscow in the workshop of V.V. Perepletchikov.
Winter 1911–1912 Vylka
spent on Novaya Zemlya, where he was supposed to paint, collect
zoological and botanical collections, and then return to Moscow
again and continue his education. But
life was different. He
had to marry the widow of his deceased cousin, who had six young
children.Forced to engage in animal crafts in order to feed his
family, he nevertheless found time to practice painting, collected a
herbarium and a collection of birds he killed, which he sent in the
fall of 1912 to the Zoological Museum of Moscow University.
In 1918, Vylka was elected Chairman of the Council in Belushie
Bay, during 1925-1956 he
was chairman of the Novaya Zemlya Island Council. Vylka
concentrated his efforts on this post on the schooling of the
children of the islanders, supplying the fishermen, bringing in
goods, and building settlements. In
1929, Vylka participated in the work of one of the meetings of the
Committee of the North in Moscow, made a report on the
transformations on Novaya Zemlya. In
the years of the Great Patristic, the Soviet North defended from
addition to Nenets, Vylka knew Russian and Norwegian.
In November 1927, ten landscapes of Vylka were exhibited at the
exhibition of arts of the peoples of the USSR, his paintings are in
the Russian, Nenets Regional, Arkhangelsk Regional Museum of Fine
Arts, Oryol Picture Gallery, Museum of Arctic and Antarctic, MV
Memorial Museum. Lomonosov
songs performed by Vylka are stored in the funds of the district
Tyko Wylka. Matochkin
Museum of Art Development of the Arctic
named after A.A. Borisov
From 1956 he lived in Arkhangelsk and was buried in the Vologda
the east coast of New Earth. Named
in 1910 by V.A. Rusanov.
Vylki) on the east coast of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya in
Brandt Bay. Opened
and filmed in 1934 by the VAI expedition on the "Arktik" bot, led by V.K. Esipov.