Vylka Ilya Konstantinovich (Tyko Vylko) 
(15(27).02.1886-28.09.1960)


Public, statesman, researcher of the New Earth, artist. 
Born on Novaya Zemlya in the Belushya Guba camp in the family of a poor settler-hunter. 
Based on his own observations, focusing on the Polar Star, Vylka made a survey and compiled the exact map of the Novaya Zemlya coast for its time.In the summer of 1909, he became a guide on the expedition of V.A. Rusanov, in the summer of 1910, circled the northern island of Novaya Zemlya on the steamer Dmitriy Solunsky with him. As a guide to the expedition, Vylka received a gold medal "For Diligence" on the Anninsky ribbon. 
Arkhangelsk Governor I.V. Sosnovsky  took an active part in the fate of Vylka. Thanks to him, Vylka not knowing material concerns, the whole winter of 1910–1911 could study drawing and painting in Moscow in the workshop of V.V. Perepletchikova. 
Winter 1911–1912 Vylka spent on Novaya Zemlya, where he was supposed to paint, collect zoological and botanical collections, and then return to Moscow again and continue his education. But life was different. He had to marry the widow of his deceased cousin, who had six young children.Forced to engage in animal crafts in order to feed his family, he nevertheless found time to practice painting, collected a herbarium and a collection of birds he killed, which he sent in the fall of 1912 to the Zoological Museum of Moscow University. 
In 1918, Vylka was elected Chairman of the Council in Belushie Bay, during 1925-1956. he was chairman of the Novaya Zemlya Island Council. Vylka concentrated his efforts on this post on the schooling of the children of the islanders, supplying the fishermen, bringing in goods, and building settlements. In 1929, Vylka participated in the work of one of the meetings of the Committee of the North in Moscow, made a report on the transformations on Novaya Zemlya. In the years of the Great Patristic, the Soviet North defended from enemies. In addition to Nenets, Vylka knew Russian and Norwegian. 
In November 1927, ten landscapes of Vylka were exhibited at the exhibition of arts of the peoples of the USSR, his paintings are in the Russian, Nenets Regional, Arkhangelsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts, Oryol Picture Gallery, Museum of Arctic and Antarctic, MV Memorial Museum. Lomonosov (Kholmogory). 
Nenets songs performed by Vylka are stored in the funds of the district radio.

 

Tyko Wylka. Matochkin ball. Arkhangelsk Museum of Art Development of the Arctic

them. A.A. Borisov


From 1956 he lived in Arkhangelsk and was buried in the Vologda cemetery. 
Glacier on the east coast of New Earth. Named in 1910 by V.A. Rusanov. 
Bay (Ilya Vylki) on the east coast of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya in Brandt Bay. Opened and filmed in 1934 by the VAI expedition on the Arktik bot, led by V.K.Esipov.

 

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