sailor, admiral, arctic explorer.
Born in Gateshead, Durham County. His
father was a parish priest.
In 1823, Collinson volunteered to join the navy and served for
three years at the Pacific base. Then,
with the rank of midshipman, he served on ships that made pendulum,
magnetic and meteorological observations on the coast and islands of
the Atlantic Ocean, and participated in the survey of the African
become a lieutenant in 1835, Collinson aboard the ship Captain F.
Beachy served as
assistant navigator when filming the coasts of Central America and
Collinson was an active participant in all the operations of the
First Chinese War. His
service was awarded the rank of captain rank 1 and awarding the
Order of the Bath. After
the end of the war for four years, Collinson commanded the ship
"Plover", engaged in the preparation of plans for the harbors and
the protection of merchant ships.
Then came the arctic period of Collinson's activities. He
was connected to the search for the missing expedition of J.
1849, James Ross returned
from an unsuccessful search expedition to the
Lancaster Strait. His
squad was part of a large-scale expedition of Ross - Richardson -
Moore, which led the search, moving from the east, west and south. The
public was excited, demanded an intensification of searches,
accusing the government and the Admiralty of indecision. The
reaction to this was the organization of a similar, but even larger,
invited everyone "without distinction of nationality and
citizenship. "Collinson was appointed head of a squad of two ships
that were supposed to move from the Bering Strait. Commanding
the ship "Enterprise (Enterprise)", Collinson was in submission and
the vessel "Explorer (Investigator)", whose captain was R.
1848, these vessels were part of the expedition of James Ross.
Both ships left Plymouth on January 20, 1850, but dispersed due
to the difference in speed. After
making a call to Honolulu, Collinson went to the Bering Strait,
arriving there, as it turned out, two weeks later, Mac-Clour. These
two weeks have played a big role. After
several attempts to break through to the north, Collinson went to
winter in Hong Kong, while McClure wintered in the
Prince of Wales Strait between
the Banks and Victoria islands. The
following year, after passing the Bering Strait, Collinson headed
Island, but because of the ice was forced to go east and, as it
turned out later, he actually repeated the path of McClure, which he
had done in the last 1850.He also found the Prince of Wales Strait
and also guessed that this strait could lead to the Melville Strait. The
ice stopped him, and Collinson, just like McClure, decided to go
around Banks Island from the west. As
we see, in the summer of 1851, both vessels went alongside each
other, but never met. Going
round the island of Banks, Collinson at Cape
Kellett found a note
by McClure, which was written thirteen days ago, and from which he
learned that he had chosen the same path. Again,
two weeks late were decisive. If
McClure managed to reach the northern end of Banks Island and
actually enter the Melville Strait, thereby proving the existence of
the Northwest Passage, the ice stopped Collinson. He
was forced to return to the
Prince of Wales Strait and
During the wintering 1851 - 1852 Collinson
organized toboggans to Melville
Island and to the
northwest coast of
In early August, freeing himself from the ice, Collinson
unsuccessfully tried to continue his journey along the
Prince of Wales Strait and went south-east to the
Dolphin and Union Strait, passed it, the Coronation Bay and the
Strait of Dies, and
on September 26th stood up for the winter on the southeastern coast of
Victoria Island. Here
the sailors established contacts with the Eskimos and found in them
several items of the Franklin expedition. During
the sleigh trip on the eastern shore of the island, metal objects
and a part of the door frame from the Franklin vessel “Terror” were
all those who were looking for Franklin at that time, Collinson was
the closest to the place of the tragedy: there was only the not very
Straits between them.
On August 10, 1853, the ice opened up, the way to the east, as it
turned out, opened to the secret of the death of the expedition of
Franklin, but ... It turned out that in England they took a little
coal by mistake, and Collinson gave the command to turn back. In
this way, chance or negligence prevented him from solving both the
tasks confronting him and all the participants in the Franklin
Continue to Collinson sailing to the east, he
could become the first person to pass the Northwest Passage on a
is known, the great R.
Amundsen became this
man only in 1905. Amundsen
estimated Collinson as one of the most courageous and talented
navigators, "what the world has ever shown." He
conducted a large and heavy ship along the fairway, where barely
enough space was a little "Yoa". Collinson’s
survey of shores and bottom measurements provided invaluable
assistance to Amundsen.
If Collinson sailed east, he could have been the first to find
the place of Franklin’s death six years before F.
although he would hardly have found any of the unfortunate
survivors, he could find documents that over the course of six long
years mercilessly destroyed time and wild Eskimos.
On the way back, Collinson spent another wintering, this time on
the coast of Alaska in Camden Bay.
In the fall of 1854, only the Collinson Expedition remained in
the American Arctic. The
Admiralty was about to send an expedition to the rescue, but he
returned himself, having spent 1126 days in the ice.
Upon returning to England, Collinson in 1858
received the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society, in 1869
he became vice-admiral, and in 1875 admiral, in the same year he
received the nobility.
He retired just a few months before his death. He
died in his estate in Ealing.
A peninsula in
the southeast of Victoria Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Discovered
by the Collinson expedition in 1853.
Collinson) in the southeast of Victoria Island. Discovered
by the Collinson expedition in 1853.
the east coast of Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic
the west of Prince of Wales.
Head) in the east of Herschel Island off the coast of North America
in the Beaufort Sea.
the coast of North America in the Camden Bay Beaufort Sea.
Collinson) in the north of the island of Victoria. Opened
and named in 1851 by R. McClure
the north-west of King William Island in the Canadian Arctic
the islands of Ziegler and Wiener Neustadt archipelago Franz-Josef
and named in 1874 by Yu.