Conway William Martin

(12.04.1856–19.04.1937)

British art historian, politician, mountaineer and art collector, the first professor of art history in England

Born in Rochester. He was the son of Rev. William Conway, subsequently the canon of Westminster.

He was educated at Repton and Trinity College in Cambridge, where he studied mathematics. The family was not poor, and Martin could devote himself to two of his favorite hobbies - painting and mountaineering. He first studied painting at Cambridge, and later taught at the University of Liverpool, and later - at his native Cambridge. As for mountaineering, then Conway made the standard path for the Englishman: first, Snowdon rocks, then the Alps. In the Alps, Conway did not go new and risky routes, for the fullness of sensations he had enough of the paths. In this, he radically disagreed with his contemporary Albert Mummery, who was convinced that he had to go on the edge of the possible, and not use the services of guides. But if their views differed on this issue, they coincided completely differently: both Mummery and Conway believed that it was impossible to limit travel and ascents to the Alps, it was necessary to expand the geography. Plans were formed by 1890, Conway decided to go to Karakorum, where a wide field of activity opened up, since this region was practically not explored. Unfortunately, Mummery, whom Conway really hoped for, refused to participate, he wanted to complete a series of alpine ascents, and postponed his Asian plans for a later time.

Subsequently, Conway twice traveled to Svalbard - in 1896 and 1897. Then - in the Andes, where he made the first ascent of Illimani (6250 m) and the second at Aconcagua (6990 m, according to other data - 7010 m). In 1901, at the age of 45, Conway decides that there will be enough adventure for him and leaves mountain climbing. Until his death, he remained a significant public figure - Director of the British Military Museum, Vice-President of the Royal Geographical Society, President of the Society of Antiquaries. His books were published a lot and were popular. In 1931, he was awarded the knighthood.

He died in London. Urn with ashes in the Golden green crematorium.

Mountain 334 m on the east side of Djuverfjord, Orvin Land, Northeastern Land Island, Svalbard. To coordinates 80° 17.3'N   24° 11'E.

Mountain (conwaytoppen) 1197 m, Land of Haakona VII, the island of Western Spitsbergen. The coordinates are 79° 00'N   12° 30'E.

Glacial passes to the north and north-east of the Earth Cirkapp, the island of Western Svalbard. Coordinates 76° 54.9'N   16° 09.0'E .

Glacier at the closure of the Isfjord. The coordinates are 79° 00'N   12° 30'E.

 

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