Dobrotvorsky Leonid Fedorovich (Teodorovich)
Russian sailor, Rear Admiral.
Born in Petersburg, in the family of the court counselor.
In 1873, Dobrotvorsky entered the Naval School, graduated from
him as a midshipman in 1877. He
began his service as part of the 6th fleet crew.A year later, he was
assigned to the ship "Zimbria", engaged in the transfer to North
America of teams for the acquisition of cruisers purchased in the
United States. After
graduating from a business trip in February 1879, Dobrotvorsky
served in various positions in the Baltic, in 1882, he was seconded
Main Physical Observatory of the
Academy of Sciences, in 1883, in the rank of lieutenant, he was counted among
the Hydrographic Department.
An important milestone in the life of Dobrotvorsky was the
leadership of the expedition, whose goal was to deliver building
materials and rails for the Trans-Siberian Railway under
construction from England to the mouth of the Yenisei. He
was sent to England to oversee the construction of the expedition’s
vessels: "the Lieutenant Ovtsyn" screw ship and "the Lieutenant Malygin"
screw ship. In
the course of a difficult month and a half voyage to Siberia,
Yenisei Bay, the lower reaches of the Yenisei. It
was the experience gained during the Dobrotvorsky expedition that
contributed to the decision to organize a hydrographic expedition to
survey the mouths of the Ob and Yenisei, which was headed by A.I. Vilkitsky.
In his younger years, Dobrotvorsky paid tribute to revolutionary
was a member of the folk maritime circle. The
leaders of his lieutenants N.E. Sukhanov
and A.P. Stromberg
was executed for participating in terrorist acts. From
the arrest Dobrotvorsky saved a long voyage. Quite
quickly, his revolutionary moods evaporated and, as A.S. Novikov-Priboy,
he "began to care only about his career".
In 1902, Dobrotvorsky graduated from the course of naval sciences
in the Nikolaev Maritime Academy, temporarily headed the 9th naval
1903, during the war game "War with Japan", he played for the
commander of the 1st Pacific Squadron, showing a tendency to make
decisions "original and fantastic".
As commander of the “Oleg” cruiser, Dobrotvorsky participated in
the campaign of the squadron Z. Rozhestvensky and the Tsushima
1908 he was promoted to rear admirals and dismissed from service
with his uniform and pension.
Dobrotvorsky had a large number of military
awards, including the Order of St.
Vladimir of 4 degrees with a bow “for
20 successfully completed six-month companies”, the Order of St.
Anna of 2 degrees with swords “for
the distinction made in battles against the enemy in the past war” a
bronze medal on the united Alexander and St. George ribbons in
commemoration of the war of 1904–1905, the Tunisian Order of
Nishtan-Iftikar of a large officer's cross.
He died in Petrograd, buried in the Nikolsky cemetery of the
Alexander Nevsky Lavra. The
grave is not preserved.
the Zarya Peninsula on the coast of Taimyr in the Kara Sea. Named
in 1900 by N.N. Kolomeitsev. Since
1933, the cape began to be called the Dobrotvorsky North, and the
cape lying to the south was given the name Dobrotvorsky South.