Drizhenko Fedor Kirillovich
hydrographic surveyor, explorer of the Arctic and Baikal.
Born in Yekaterinoslav in the family of the titular adviser.
In 1877 he graduated from the Maritime School with honors,
enrollment in the Marble Book and the Nakhimov Prize and received
the title of midshipman. During
the years 1878–1883 on
various vessels made voyages around the world, participated in the
inventory of the shores of Sakhalin.
In 1886 Drizhenko graduated with honors from the hydrographic
department of the Maritime Academy and was seconded to the Pulkovo
Observatory for specialization in astronomy and geodesy.
After defending his dissertation on the investigation of marine
angular instruments and the Drizhenko gyroscope in 1888 for two
years as the party chief of the Special Survey of the Baltic Sea, he
carried out an inventory of the Aboski and Finnish skerries.
To familiarize himself with the state of hydrography abroad,
Drizhenko traveled abroad twice, having visited 11 European
countries, participated in surveys in
hydrographic studies, he was awarded the gold medal of the Paris
From 1891 to 1902, with a short break, Drizhenko was engaged
first in the exploration of Lake Onega, and then of Lake Baikal, in
the hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean, in 1905-1908. He
led the party Special Survey of the White Sea, in 1906-1907 was
a member of the commission of admiral V.P. Verkhovsky
on the development of the Northern Sea Route.
Wedding G.Ya. Sedov. Behind
the back of the bride, F.K. Drizhenko
In 1908, in the rank of General of the Naval Naval Shturmanov
Drizhenko, he took the post of Assistant Chief of the Main
Hydrographic Department, combining these duties with the leadership
of the shooting of the Kara Sea. In
1909, he became Russia's Permanent Representative to the
International Shipping Commission in Brussels, represented Russia at
the 1912 International Maritime Conference in St. Petersburg.
In 1917, in the rank of full general, he resigned for health
reasons and left for Krasnoyarsk.
Merit Drizhenko awarded orders of St. Vladimir 2 and 3 degrees, St.
Stanislav 1 degree and St.
Anna 1 degree. Among
his scientific awards are the Gold Medal and the diploma of the
World Paris Exhibition in 1889 for
hydrographic work and the silver medal of
Imperial Russian Geographical Society for the
report “Hydrographic description of Lake Onega”.
After the revolution, Drizhenko served in the Ob-Yenisei
hydrographic detachment, participated in the Kara expeditions, was a
member of the Committee of the Northern Sea Route, led the
hydrographic studies of Siberian rivers.
He died in Krasnoyarsk, was buried in the Trinity
Necropolis of the Pokrovsky cemetery.
the northwestern shore of the northern island of New Earth. Named
in 1913 G.Ya. Sedov.