Dublitsky Konstantin Aleksandrovich
Born in Saratov. The
father died early, and the family was supported by a mother, a music
Dublitsky graduated from a real school in Riga, then the Odessa
Naval College, and received a diploma in navigating. He
began his naval service on various ships in the Black Sea.
Early manifested organizational skills Dublitsky. He
became one of the founders, and later the leaders of the first
seafarers' trade union in Russia, which, being in an illegal
situation, helped the unemployed sailors, struggled with the
arbitrariness of the shipowners. During
the 1905 revolution, the union organized strikes and strikes with
political demands. For
Dublitsky, the case ended up being arrested, imprisoned, and then
sent into exile in Turinsk.
At the end of the exile, he emigrated, swam a sailor, worked as a
laborer in American factories. Returning
after eight years of emigration to Russia, Dublitsky could only get
a job as a stoker, and only after moving to the Far East, he first
became a navigator on a riverboat, and then on the ships that linked
Vladivostok with the northern regions of Russia. The
first acquaintance with the Arctic happened to him in 1917, when he
took part in a voyage to
the mouth of the
he was appointed assistant manager of the Far Eastern Dobroflot
office, and trips to the Arctic became regular. One
of the hikes on the route Vladivostok - Kolyma, he managed to make
in record time, in just 21.5 days.
In 1926 the steamship "Stavropol" under the command of P.G. Milovzorov brought
the first Soviet settlers headed by G.A.
allowed to stop the claims of the island of Canadians and Americans. For
the next two years, due to heavy ice conditions, the vessel could
not get through to the winterers. The
situation became critical, especially since there was no radio
station in the settlement.
It was decided to send an ice cutter “F. Litke”,
since the main icebreakers “Krasin” and “Yermak” were involved in
other operations. And
it is no coincidence that
head "F.Litke” was entrusted specifically to Dublitsky.
Ledorez was at that time in Sevastopol, and Dublitsky went there. Familiarization
with the vessel revealed some of its serious shortcomings: high fuel
consumption, relatively low payload, a large team, and a limited
supply of fresh water. However,
Dublitsky recognized “F. Litke" the most suitable of all available vessels.
The transition to Vladivostok was successful. They
put the ship in dry dock, repaired it, reduced the crew size to 65
people, staffed it with experienced sailors who had already been in
The flight began on July 14, 1929. The
Chukchi Sea met the sailors with one-year-old ice, however in the
Long Strait powerful
hummocks were piled up that the Krasin could not have overcome. Dublitsky
decided to approach the island from the northeast; solid ice also
stretched here, but the skill of the captain allowed him to move
forward, looking for and using the slightest cracks and weakened
a result, we managed to break into Rogers Bay, plant a new shift of
wintering workers headed by A.I. Mineev and
pick up the old one.October
7, the ship arrived in Vladivostok.
For carrying out this heavy and responsible
flight, the ice-cutter and his captain were awarded the Orders of
the Red Banner of Labor.
In the following years, Dublitsky commanded the steamers Anadyr,
Kashirstroi, the ship Severles, the icebreaker Davydov (formerly Red
October), and participated in many rescue operations.
Nervous, hard work undermined the once powerful body of Dublik. Very
many of the ice captains died early. In
1939, Dublitsky left for treatment in Tuapse, but his days were
the east coast of Wrangel Island. Named
in 1930 by A.I. Mineev.