Eliseev Alexander Vasilyevich
Born in Finland, in the fortress of Sveaborg, where his father
early childhood, the nurse child was a retired Sevastopol soldier
who laid the foundation for Spartan upbringing. The
regiment, where his father served, constantly moved around Finland,
and the harsh outdoor life hardened the strong and mobile boy by
the age of 10 he was sent to the gymnasium in Kronstadt. Teaching
was easy, especially geography and history.
After graduating from the gymnasium in 1876, Eliseev, who was
already a tutor for an adult student, made a trip to the countries
of Central Europe and Northern Italy as an interpreter and mentor. In
the same year he entered the natural history department of St.
Petersburg University, but then, for material reasons, he moved to
the Military Medical Academy. Despite
the lack of funds, malnutrition, the inability to buy warm clothes,
Eliseev, giving private lessons, set aside money for travel.
In 1879, he traveled to the Urals for anthropological research,
which became his favorite activity, in 1880, he visited the Ilmensky
district of the Novgorod province for the same purpose.
A year before the graduation, Yeliseyev, with only 400 rubles,
went to Egypt, visited the ruins of ancient Thebes, from Cairo
headed for the mountains of the Sinai Peninsula, reached Jerusalem
and returned to Syria through his homeland. On
the basis of his field diaries he published the book Path to Sinai.
Immediately after graduating from the Academy, a trip to Northern
Europe followed. Eliseev
visited Sweden, Norway, the Kola Peninsula, passed from Kola to
The military medical service of Eliseev began in the Caucasus,
then Turkestan, Finland, Estonia, and St. Petersburg followed.
In 1884, a young scientist went to Palestine to
determine the living conditions of Russian pilgrims.During
this trip, he crossed Greece, Italy, Sicily, moved to Tunisia and
Algeria, spent more than two months in the Sahara and returned to
Russia through Morocco, Spain and Western Europe.
In 1886, on behalf of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society,
Yeliseyev visited Asia Minor, exploring the route from Russia to the
Holy Land, in 1889 - the Far East, studying Russian colonization in
the Ussuri region, and through Japan and Ceylon returned to his
1890, he assisted in the fight against the cholera epidemic in
1893 in Sudan, occupied by the Mahdists at that time, the caravan of
Yeliseyev was robbed, and he himself barely escaped death.
The last expedition Eliseev was a trip to Ethiopia. In
May 1895, when he was already sick, he made a report on this trip at
a meeting of the IRGO.
Eliseev died in his prime from severe pneumonia. He
studied the countries he visited mainly in anthropological,
ethnographic and medical relations, describing his travels, mainly
in scientific and other periodicals. Separately,
a three-volume edition of “Over the World” was published.
Eliseev died when the writings of his tireless work only began to
be recognized by the scientific community.
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the Smolensk Orthodox
grave is lost.
the Nakhodka Bay on the western coast of the Gulf of Ob in the Kara
in 1895 hydrographic expedition under the leadership of A.I. Vilkitsky.