Ermolov Alexey Sergeevich

State and public figure, agronomist scientist, since 1899, honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. 
Born in Tiflis. Descended from an old noble family, rising to the beginning of the XVI century. 
Upon graduation in 1866, with a gold medal from the course of the Imperial Alexander Lyceum, he entered the St. Petersburg Agricultural (later Forestry) Institute, from which, three years later, he graduated with a degree in agriculture. At the institute Yermolov conducted scientific work under the guidance of the famous professor A.P. Engelhardt, being engaged mainly in phosphorites. 
After graduating from the institute, Yermolov entered the service of the Ministry of State Property, but soon moved to the Ministry of Finance and was successively an auditor, head of department, vice director and from 1883 director of the department. 
From January 1894 to May 1905, Yermolov held the position of Minister of Agriculture and State Property. The activities of the ministry during this period were aimed at caring for rural education, at developing handicraft industry; measures were developed to reduce railway tariffs on agricultural transportation, improve the agricultural credit system, grant loans for amelioration and irrigation, assist in the establishment of pilot stations and
etc. Yermolov took part in the work of various commissions on agricultural and economic issues. In the spring of 1907, he personally traveled all the poor harvest areas and compiled a report for submission to the Central Committee for the provision of medical and food aid to the affected provinces, and was commended by the Monarch gratitude. 
Occupying high positions, Yermolov did not stop his scientific activities, which created for him the name of an outstanding Russian farmer. 
Since 1879, he combined work in the Ministry of Finance with his duties as a senior editor of the statistical department in the department of agriculture and rural industry, took an active part in the work of the Free-Economic Society, being during 1886–1888 his vice president. 
As a farmer in the 1870s, Yermolov was a public honorary justice of the peace of the Bobrovsky zemstvo of the Voronezh province and was engaged in practical agricultural activities. 
Yermolov owned numerous scientific works on agronomy, agricultural chemistry, field cultivation, the agrarian question and others, for which he was repeatedly honored with honorary awards. 
In 1901, the French Academy of Sciences elected Yermolov as its correspondent for the department of rural economy, previously the Russian Academy of Sciences elected him an honorary member. 
In 1902-1905 he is a member of the Special Meeting on the needs of the agricultural industry, since 1905 - a member of the State Council (leader of the center group), a supporter of the Stolypin agrarian reform. Since 1912, Yermolov was the chairman of the All-Russian Chamber of Agriculture. In his estate
Big Alyoshnia Ryazhskogo County Ryazan province, he gave an experimental agricultural field. 
The multifaceted activities of Yermolov extended to the performance of public duties. In 1907, he was appointed trustee of the Imperial Alexander Lyceum, a graduate of which he was, and at the same time was elected chairman of the Pushkin Lyceum Society, in charge of which was open to the Lyceum Pushkin Museum. 
In 1905, he was elected chairman of the Board of Trusteeship of the Empress Maria Alexandrovna about the blind.

The merits of Yermolov were awarded the orders of St. Stanislav 1 degree (1884), St. Anna 1 degree (1890), White Eagle (1900), St. Alexander Nevsky (1904), St. Vladimir 1 degree (1912). 
He died in Petrograd, buried in his estate. In one of the obituaries dedicated to Yermolov, there are such words: “As a person, the deceased was distinguished by extraordinary friendliness, accessibility and ease of handling. Remarkably sympathetic, he was attractive and always interesting. With his talent and intelligence, he quickly gained sympathy".  
The island is among the islands of Litke in the Nordensheld archipelago in the Kara Sea. Named in 1901 by E.V. Toll, who served under his command before leaving for the expedition. 
Bay in Chekin Bay on the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. He named in 1901–1902 by A.A. Borisov.

*According to the Ryazh Museum of the Ryazan province, Yermolov was buried in the cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. The fact of the burial in the estate is confirmed by a message in the newspaper "New Time" dated January 6 (19), 1917.


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