sailor, arctic explorer.
Born in Cheltenham, his father Samuel Inglefield and maternal
grandfather were admirals.
Educated at the Royal Naval College in Portsmouth, Inglefield in
1834 began serving as a first-class volunteer. He
made his first voyage on the flagship of Admiral Graham Hemmond to
the shores of South America. After
a year of service at the South American base, he already with the
rank of midshipman participated in navigation around Cape Horn in
the Pacific Ocean with visits to the islands of Oceania.
After five years of absence, Inglefield returned to England, to
Portsmouth, passed the certification for the rank of lieutenant and
continued to serve on the ship, which was part of the Mediterranean
squadron operating off the coast of Syria. With
sailors and marines he stranded during a storm at Fort Sidon, took
part in the capture of Beirut, was a signalman during the shelling
of the coast, took part in other combat operations. In
subsequent years, he served in the North American and West Indian
bases, was a signalman on the royal yacht "King George" during the
Queen's first visit to Scotland in 1842, under the command of E.
Belcher was engaged
in shooting the shores of China and Borneo, was part of squadron,
defending the British merchant ships off the coast of South America
during the Argentina-Uruguay conflict.
In 1850, he returned to England wounded and sick and served at a
half salary ashore, representing England at a large exhibition in
In 1852, Inglefield offered his services to Jane
Franklin, who equipped a small 150-ton displacement schooner
Isabelle to participate in the search for her husband's missing
Franklin planned a short-term voyage only with the aim of delivering
food for the expedition of E. Belcher, based near Beachy
Island, and receiving information from him about the search. However,
Inglefield offered her to expand the mission of the expedition and
explore the northern part of the Baffin
After receiving permission from the Admiralty, he with a large
supply of coal and food, designed for long voyages, July 10, 1852
left the British coast. Good
weather and favorable ice conditions allowed him to make up for the
time lost due to the late exit. Inglefield
examined the Whale Bay, having traveled 140 miles further north than
any of his predecessors, found it to be a strait (now Walsund). He
discovered several small islands and put on the map about 800 miles
of the unknown coast. They
were first given the name of a large island to the west of Greenland
- Ellesmere ,
in honor of Count F.
Elsmir , statesman,
president of the Royal Geographical Society in 1854-1855.
Inglefield was very attracted to the idea of penetrating far
north through the
Smith Strait. He
drew a wide open sea to the very pole, but the season was coming to
an end, and he was reluctant to turn south. The
Strait of Lancaster was
open, and Inglefield went west and reached Beachy Island, where he
discovered the base ship of the Belcher expedition, the North Star,
under the command of Pellen. On
Inglefield did what the people of G.
Austin and E.
De Haven did not do,
who were the first to discover in 1850 the site of the first
wintering expedition of Franklin. He
unearthed one of the graves of the companions of Franklin. The
corpse was perfectly preserved, and it was obvious that death did
not come from scurvy, although the cause could not be established. Leaving
all the food and coal to the winterers, Inglefield went home and in
four months reached the English shores.
For geographical discoveries made in this voyage, the Royal
Geographical Society awarded Inglefield with a gold medal, and the
French with a silver medal.
In 1853 in England they began to worry about the fate of the
expedition of Belcher. A
ship, the Phoenix, commanded by Inglefield and assigned to him, was
sent to assist him.
Set off on May 26, 1853. That
summer in the Baffin Sea there was a very difficult ice situation. Only
on July 29, with difficulty, came to the Pr. Lancaster,
eight days waiting for the formation of at least some passage among
the huge blocks of ice. On
the basis of Belcher, the coal and food stocks were unloaded and
they heard all the news concerning the discovery of R.
McClure, who spent three winters on Banks
Island, and the opening of the Northwest Passage. At
the base was Lieutenant Creswell from the team of McClure, who
arrived here, one might say, directly from the Bering Strait. Inglefield
could not wait for Belcher, who had not yet returned from his march
north along the
Wellington Strait, and on August 23, taking Creswell with him,
In 1854, Inglefield again on the "Phoenix" made another voyage to
the island of Beachy and took out part of the people from the teams
of Belcher and McClure.
Upon his return from the Arctic, Inglefield took an active part
in the Crimean War. The
ship under his command conducted military operations in the Black
Sea, near the walls of Sevastopol and Odessa.
Cemetery Kensal Green
In subsequent years, Inglefield commanded ships in various
regions, after receiving the rank of Rear Admiral in 1871, commanded
a squadron, was part of the diplomatic mission in Washington.
In 1885, with the rank of full admiral, he retired. In
1887 he was awarded the Order
of the Bath of the Commander's
He died in London, buried in the cemetery Kensal Green.
Coast of North-West
in 1852 by E. Inglefield.
the northwest of Greenland.
of the Melville Peninsula in the Strait of Fury and Hekla.
Geer Land, West Spitsbergen Island. The
coordinates are 77º 51.0'N
Geer Land, the island of Western Spitsbergen.Coordinates 77º 54.8'N
the southeast of the Earth Ellesmere.
the west coast of Greenland. Opened
in 1852 by E. Inglefield.
Geer Land, West Svalbard Island. Coordinates 77º 54.0'N