Johannessen Edward Holm
Born in Balsfjord near Tromso. Johannessen's
father was an industrialist. Since
childhood, the son participated in the voyages on the North Sea and
was prepared for his future activities.
In 1869, Johannesen passed from the eastern mouth of the Matochkin
Strait to Vaigach, reached Yamal
Peninsula and climbed
along its western shores to Bely
Island and further
north to 75° N. For
this voyage he received a silver medal from the Swedish Academy of
Sciences, with which he presented a report on the scientific results
of the expedition. The
medal was entrusted to N.A. Nordenskiöld,
who entered into a correspondence with Johannesen. In
one of the letters, he, jokingly, promised the Norwegian a gold
academic medal for swimming around New Earth. What
was the joy of Nordenskiöld, who returned from Greenland in the late
autumn of 1870, when he learned that a brave industrialist had
implemented this enterprise, which seemed impossible in those times.
In the summer of 1870, Johannesen, having finished fishing,
despite the late season, when all industrialists returned home, went
north and, for the first time after Savva
Loshkin, made a
brilliant voyage around Novaya
Zemlya, making an inventory of the shores from the vessel and
significantly specifying their configuration.The Swedish Academy of
Sciences fulfilled the joking promise of one of its members and
awarded Johannessen a gold medal. The
shooting materials of Johannessen were processed by Professor G.
In the following years, Johannesen crossed the Kara
Sea several times,
a little before reaching the island of Dikson. Conducted
measurements of the depth of the sea, water temperature, its color
and currents. In
1878 on the ship "Nordland" circled the Cape
of Desire, penetrated into the northern part of the Kara Sea,
discovered the island, "whose solitude and deserted view" prompted
to call it an island Loneliness
the same voyage, Johannesen reached the northern shores of Taimyr.
Johannesen is the immediate predecessor of V.A. Rusanov on
the voyages along the banks of the Novaya Zemlya and in the northern
part of the Kara Sea.
He died on a small sailing ship on the way from Balsfjord to
body was not found. A
memorial plate was set up in the church cemetery Sandojra in
Balsfjord, where he lived.
of Cape Desire. The
name was given by the Norwegian industrialists in 1869–1871. On
the Russian sea map No. 432, published in 1908, is Johannes
Cape.Subsequently, for an unknown reason (perhaps a mistake of
cartographers), this cape on maps and in the nooks began to be
placed under the name of the cape of Johannsen.At that time, the
cape could not be named after J. Johansen, because Ya. Johansen was
born in 1867.
on the northeast coast of the northern island of New Earth.
the north shore of the Düner Bay in Sabina Land, Spitsbergen. The
coordinates are 78°
Stream ( Johansen)
on the island of Solitude in the Kara Sea. The
name was given by the employees of the GU GUMP in 1956.