Johannessen Edward Holm 

Norwegian industrialist. 
Born in Balsfjord near Tromso. Johannessen's father was an industrialist. Since childhood, the son participated in the voyages on the North Sea and was prepared for his future activities. 
In 1869, Johannesen passed from the eastern mouth of the Matochkin Strait to Vaigach, reached Yamal Peninsula and climbed along its western shores to Bely Island and further north to 75° N. For this voyage he received a silver medal from the Swedish Academy of Sciences, with which he presented a report on the scientific results of the expedition. The medal was entrusted to N.A. Nordenskiöld, who entered into a correspondence with Johannesen. In one of the letters, he, jokingly, promised the Norwegian a gold academic medal for swimming around New Earth. What was the joy of Nordenskiöld, who returned from Greenland in the late autumn of 1870, when he learned that a brave industrialist had implemented this enterprise, which seemed impossible in those times. 
In the summer of 1870, Johannesen, having finished fishing, despite the late season, when all industrialists returned home, went north and, for the first time after Savva Loshkin, made a brilliant voyage around Novaya Zemlya, making an inventory of the shores from the vessel and significantly specifying their configuration.The Swedish Academy of Sciences fulfilled the joking promise of one of its members and awarded Johannessen a gold medal. The shooting materials of Johannessen were processed by Professor G. Mohn. 
In the following years, Johannesen crossed the Kara Sea several times, a little before reaching the island of Dikson. Conducted measurements of the depth of the sea, water temperature, its color and currents. In 1878 on the ship "Nordland" circled the Cape of Desire, penetrated into the northern part of the Kara Sea, discovered the island, "whose solitude and deserted view" prompted to call it an island Loneliness (Solitude).   In the same voyage, Johannesen reached the northern shores of Taimyr. 
Johannesen is the immediate predecessor of V.A. Rusanov on the voyages along the banks of the Novaya Zemlya and in the northern part of the Kara Sea. 
He died on a small sailing ship on the way from Balsfjord to Tromso. The body was not found. A memorial plate was set up in the church cemetery Sandojra in Balsfjord, where he lived. 
Cape south of Cape Desire. The name was given by the Norwegian industrialists in 1869–1871. On the Russian sea map No. 432, published in 1908, is Johannes Cape.Subsequently, for an unknown reason (perhaps a mistake of cartographers), this cape on maps and in the nooks began to be placed under the name of the cape of Johannsen.At that time, the cape could not be named after J. Johansen, because Ya. Johansen was born in 1867. 
Cape (Edward) on the northeast coast of the northern island of New Earth.

Cape on the north shore of the Düner Bay in Sabina Land, Spitsbergen. The coordinates are 78° 12.4'N   19° 02.5'E.

Stream ( Johansen) on the island of Solitude in the Kara Sea. The name was given by the employees of the GUSMP in 1956.


Return to the main page