Zhandr Andrei Andreevich
Privy Councilor, Senator, Playwright Translator, Poet, Critic.
Born in St. Petersburg in the family of Polish nobles. For
a while his father was the chief political officer of St.
After the death of his father, the family experienced
considerable financial difficulties, and already at the age of 14,
who received a good home education, was forced to decide to serve by
starting a simple copyist in the Committee of Petitions under the
The career of a capable young man developed very successfully. During
held numerous senior positions in various ministries and
departments, including those of the Director of the Office of the
Chief of the Main Naval Staff, the Director of the Office of the
Maritime Ministry, the chairman of several commissions and
committees on the Maritime Office, he was a member of the Senate,
the Admiralty, the Black Sea Audit Commission.
was awarded a number of honorary Russian orders. Among
his awards are also gold snuff boxes with diamonds and portraits of
emperors, which he received in 1852 and 1856.
No less significant is the other side of the activity of
- the literary, which he enthusiastically and quite successfully
engaged in his younger years. He
communicated with many well-known writers and artists at the time,
among whom were Griboedov, Pushkin, Zhukovsky, Vyazemsky,
Kuchelbecker, Krylov, Ryleev, Odoyevsky, Grech, Bulgarin, Karatygin,
Semenova and many others. Acquaintance
with Griboyedov grew into a friendship. “I
love him as a soul and regret it, Andrew is a noble, glorious and
respectable fellow”, said so about
to Gandr, the original manuscript “Woe from Wit” and the most
complete list from it were preserved.
Gendre was one of the first to
hear comedy in the reading of the author himself.
Among the literary works of
are numerous translations of plays and staging them in Petersburg
theaters, which deserved praise from Griboyedov and Pushkin, a
number of critical and polemical articles. Since
1829, the name of
in the literature does not occur.
was involved in the case of the Decembrists in 1826: he hid Prince
A.I. Odoyevsky. During
the interrogation, he frankly admitted to Nicholas I of intent to
assist in the escape of his comrade and expressed confidence that
the emperor in his place would have acted the same way. The
answer came to the soul, and
was not subjected to any repression.
He died in Petersburg and was buried at the
Lazarevsky cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The
grave is not preserved.
the south of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named by P.K. Pakhtusov