Zhongolovich Ivan Danilovich
astronomer, gravimeter and geodesist, Arctic explorer, Honored
Scientist of the RSFSR, honorary
Born in Grodno. In
1916 he graduated from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of
Petrograd University and a year later was mobilized into the Navy.
Zhongolovich's activity was connected not only with desk
research, but also with participation in numerous expeditions. He
began in 1919 with an expedition to study the Kursk Magnetic
Main Hydrographic Department, annually participating in expeditions to explore
various areas of the Arctic Ocean. In
the years 1930-1938 he,
being a teacher of the Military Academy of Sciences, traveled to the
Pamirs, was a member of high-latitude expeditions, was one of the
developers of the scientific program of the expedition North Pole-1,
worked on the icebreaking steamers “Sadko” drifting in the ice, “G. Sedov"
At the same time, since 1920, Zhongolovich worked at the
Astronomical Institute, since 1943 the Institute of Theoretical
Astronomy, where he served as deputy director.
Zhongolovich on Henrietta Island (?) in 1937.
(First published by L. G. Boyko)
Zhongolovich measures the components of the magnetic
The main scientific works of Zhongolovich are devoted to
theoretical and practical astronomy, the study of the shape and
field of gravity of the Earth, satellite geodesy, and geophysics. He
was the chief editor of the Maritime Astronomical Yearbook and
Aviation Astronomical Yearbook magazines.
Vasilyevskiy Island 11 line, house 12. Here lived in the apartment 23
at the time of 1934
He died in Leningrad, was buried in the cemetery
of the Pulkovo Observatory.
Tsivolki Bay in the south of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya. Hydrographs
of the Northern Hydrographic Expedition were named in the 1920s.
An island in
Obsedya Bay in Moller Bay on the west coast of the southern island
of Novaya Zemlya.
Named by hydrographs
of the Northern Hydrographic Expedition in the 1920s.