Kamenev Sergey Sergeevich 
(04(16).04.1881–25.08.1936)


Soviet military leader, commander of rank 1. 
Born in Kiev in the family of a military engineer. In 1898 he graduated from the Kiev Cadet Corps, in 1900 the Alexander Military School in Moscow and, finally, in 1907, the Academy of the General Staff in St. Petersburg. During the First World War, Kamenev was the head of the operational management of the 1st army, and held staff posts. The revolution found him as commander of the 30th Poltava regiment. At this time, Kamenev got a collection of G.E.Zinoviev and V.I. Lenin's "Against the Current", which, in his words, "made a stunning impression, opened up new horizons." Who knew how to find a common language with the soldiers, Kamenev was elected by them to the post of commander. In early 1918, he voluntarily joined the Red Army, fought against A.V. Kolchak, led the operations to defeat A.I. Denikin and P.N. Wrangel. During 1919–1924 Kamenev served as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic, in 1920 he was awarded gold weapons and the Order of the Red Banner. Kamenev developed a plan for the defeat of Poland, but he could not carry it out because of the underestimation of the enemy’s forces, as well as the opposition of the command of the South-Western Front, A.I. Egorova and I.V. Stalin. With the participation of Kamenev, resistance to the Bolsheviks in Karelia, Bukhara and Fergana was eliminated, the uprising of AS was suppressed. Antonov in the Tambov province. After the end of the civil war, Kamenev held major positions - chief of staff of the Red Army, chief inspector and chief of the Main Directorate of the Red Army, head of the military Academy and a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR. In 1927, he became Deputy Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs and Deputy Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR. 
Kamenev was one of the organizers of Osoaviahima, he was engaged in the development of the Arctic a lot, carrying out help from the Italian expedition U. Nobile and the Chelyuskin sandwiched with ice.

The merits of Kamenev were marked by Russian and Soviet orders: St. Stanislav 3 degrees, St. Anne 2 and 3 degrees, the Red Banner, the Red Banner of the Khorezm People’s Soviet Republic, the Red Crescent of the 1st degree of the Bukhara People’s Soviet Republic. In addition, he was awarded the Golden Military Weapon with the Order of the Red Banner and the honorary revolutionary weapon - the highest award in the Red Army in 1919-1930. 
In July 1934, Kamenev was demoted and transferred to the post of head of the department of air defense and a member of the Military Council. By this time, he no longer enjoyed any influence in the army and the country. “The old man did his job and quietly walked back,” wrote commander I.S. Kutyakov. 
He died in Moscow, with military honors his ashes buried in the Kremlin wall. Already after his death, Kamenev was accused of involvement in the military-fascist conspiracy, and also in the fact that in 1919 he was one of the leaders of the anti-Soviet organization. His name is committed to "anathema", nevertheless the burial is preserved.
  Rehabilitated after the death of Stalin. 
Strait (Sergey Kamenev) between the Sredny and Domashniy islands in the Sedov archipelago in the Kara Sea. Until 1937, the whole archipelago was named after Kamenev (Sergey Kamenev).

 

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