Kankrin Yegor Frantsevich (Georg Ludwig Daniel) 

The Russian statesman, a prominent economist, is German by birth. 
Born in the city of Hanau in the Landgraf Hesse-Kassel (Germany). His father, F.-L. Kankrin (1738–1816), an expert in the field of construction and mining, went to Russia in 1783, where he became manager of the salt plants in Staraya Russa. 
Education Kankrin received at the University of Hesse and Marburg. Not finding work in Germany, in 1798 he moved to Russia to his father and entered the service. 
Kankrin's publications on military art, in which he put forward the idea of ​​using Russia's geographical advantages during the military campaigns (the vastness of the territory, the severity of the climate), as well as his ideas on the food supply of the armies attracted the attention of close to Alexander I generals Ludwig Wolzogen and Karl Pfoul and Minister of War M. B Barclay de Tolly. According to their recommendations, in 1811 he received the post of Assistant General-Providence Master and the rank of State Councilor. Later, already as the quartermaster general of the acting army, Kankrin showed extraordinary energy and thrift in providing food for the Russian troops during the hostilities of 1812–1815. He managed to organize an effective food supply system for the troops, made careful calculations with the allies and with the defeated France, proving that many financial claims against Russia were unfounded. 
In 1818, Kankrin put forward a project on the abolition of serfdom and the gradual redemption of the peasants from the land at the expense of a special loan bank. In 1820, he resigned from the post of quartermaster general and was appointed a member of the Military Council. Actively engaged in scientific work, Kankrin published two monographs: “On the military economy during war and peace” and “World wealth, national wealth and the state economy”, in which he criticized the policies of Finance Minister D.A.Guriev. In 1821 he accompanied Alexander I to the congress in Ljubljana and was introduced to the Council of State. 
In 1823, at the age of 49, Kankrin became Minister of Finance, adopting the financial system upset by wars. Thanks to the energy and extraordinary performance, he managed to implement a number of measures and achieve balance in the state budget. 
The name of Kankrin is also connected with the implementation of the monetary reform of 1839–1843, as a result of which a silver monometallism system was established in Russia. In Russia, a 10-year period of relatively stable monetary circulation has begun. 
Thanks to an effective tax policy, Kankrin significantly strengthened the protection of Russian industry, saw high customs duties as a means of taxing “non-existent classes”, and also contributed to the improvement of government industries and the development of gold mining. 
Special concern Kankrin showed the spread of technical knowledge. Under him, the Technological Institute was founded, where people from the non-noble class were accepted, new agricultural schools were opened, the Forest Institute and mountain educational institutions were transformed. His own theoretical views, the program and the results of his activities are presented by him in three books in German, he was also the author of "A Short Review of Russian Finance", compiled by him for the heir-crown prince. 
For more than 20 years, Kankrin stood at the head of the Ministry of Finance. In 1844, he retired due to illness, devoting himself to work on the completion of his main work, Economics of Human Society and Financial Science of a Former Minister of Finance. However, he failed to carry out his plans. 
He died in Pavlovsk near Petersburg. The results of his activities allowed Nikolay Bunge, the future Minister of Finance of Russia, 20 years after Kankrin's death to write about him: “The name of Count Kankrin is hitherto highly respected; 
the time of his management is considered the golden age of Russian finance. "

The merits of Kankrin are marked by the orders of St. Andrew the Pervozvanniy and St. Anna of 1 degree. 
Buried in St. Petersburg at Smolensk Lutheran Cemetery. Granite slide. 
Cape and the Bay to the north of the Matochkin Shar Strait on the Kara coast of Novaya Zemlya. He opened and named in 1835 A.K. Tsivolka.


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