Karbasnikov Mikhail Nikolaevich
(1888 – March 1942)
Russian geographer, climatologist.
Coming from the Pomeranian family living in Kholmogory. Karbasnikov's
father began an independent life as a boy in the Cherkesov
bookstore.Thanks to his abilities, energy and business acumen, he
eventually became a well-known book publisher, owner of a very large
book firm that had stores in St. Petersburg, Moscow and Warsaw.
Karbasnikov after graduating from the third gymnasium in 1907
entered the natural department of St. Petersburg University.
During the First World War, he served as an ensign in artillery,
and on his return from the front he entered the Geographical
his studies were interrupted by service in the Red Army, and he
could continue it only in 1921. Years
of study were a difficult period in the life of Karbasnikov. His
father died in 1921, he himself had to take on any job in order to
support his mother, wife and daughter. After
graduating from the institute in 1925, Karbasnikov became an
assistant at the department of climatology at A.V. Voznesensky
and A.A. Kaminsky.
The Geographical Institute, which existed only until 1925
(transformed into the geographical department of Leningrad State
University), had a powerful teaching staff and gave Karbasnikov
excellent professional training. He
left the institute a geographer with a broad scientific outlook. His
areas of interest included regional geography and landscape science,
geomorphology and quaternary geology, botany and soil science.
Zhukovsky Street, 8. M.N.
lived here in apartment 2. Karbasnikov
at the time of 1934
The scientific and pedagogical activity of Karbasnikov was held
at the Leningrad State University at the departments of climatology
and country studies, at the Geographical and Economic Institute, as
well as at a number of other organizations, on the orders of which
he performed almost annual expeditions.
Began Karbasnikov with the study of sediments of the Caspian Sea
and the Black Sea, he worked in Yakutia and Transbaikalia, in
a meteorologist, he spent the winter at polar station "Russian Harbor" on
Novaya Zemlya, whose chief was M.M. Yermolaev,
however, he paid the most attention to the study of the Russian
North - the Arkhangelsk, Vologda regions, Karelia. A
favorite topic of his research was the study of the geographical
features of closed lakes.
German geophysicist K. Velken and Karbasnikov
wintering in the Russian Harbor, 1933
Karbasnikov was a born geographer: an excellent observer, an
enthusiastic person, a hardy and unpretentious traveler. In
addition to his excellent professional skills, he, admittedly,
possessed amazing human virtues.
According to the comments of his comrades, he was the most beloved
person in the Faculty of Geography, he had no enemies, everyone
understood that he was a man of rare kindness, delicacy and modesty,
who was not able to make the slightest trouble to others.
He died in besieged Leningrad from bilateral pneumonia,
aggravated by severe exhaustion. Place
of burial unknown.
the south-west of Inostransev Bay and
the bay on
the western shore of Chayev Bay on the northern island of Novaya
1933, the winterers of the Russian Harbor polar station were named.