Karpinsky Alexander Petrovich
outstanding Russian geologist, academician.
Born in the village Turyinsky Rudniki, now the town of
Krasnoturinsk, Yekaterinburg region in the family of a mining
In 1866, Karpinsky graduated from the St. Petersburg Mining
Institute, during 1877–1896. worked
there as a professor.
The contribution of Karpinsky to the organization in 1882 of the
Geological Committee, in which he was first senior geologist, from
1885 to 1903 director, and then until 1929, honorary director, was
him and under his direct leadership, large-scale work was carried
out on the geological mapping of Russia, when a small group of such
eminent geologists as F.N. Chernyshev, S.N. Nikitin, I.V. Mushketov
and other for 10–15 years led Russia to a number of advanced
countries in the organization of the geological service.
In 1889, Karpinsky was elected an academician of the St.
Petersburg Academy of Sciences, since 1916 he served as
vice-president of the Academy of Sciences, and since May 15, 1917 he
became its first elected president.
The circle of Karpinsky's scientific interests was extremely
wrote works on tectonics, paleogeography and paleontology, he
compiled summary geological maps of the Urals and the European part
of Russia, he revealed the main features of the tectonic structure
of the Russian platform, indicating for the first time that it had
an ancient crystalline basement.
Karpinsky laid the foundations of the system of graphic symbols
in geology, coloring systems of the Mesozoic (Triassic - purple,
Jurassic - blue, chalk - green) and Cenozoic (yellow tones) was
approved by the session of the International
Geological Kongress of 1881 in Bologna by A.P. Karpinsky. He
was the first to give a scientific explanation to the phenomena of
transgression and regression, widely used paleogeographic structures
in tectonic analysis, thereby laying the foundations of
paleogeography as an independent science.
Memorial plaque. Petersburg,embankment
Bust near the building of VSEGEI. Petersburg,
Vasilievskiy Island, 19
Memorial plaque. Petersburg,
One of the first in Russia, Karpinsky used a microscope to study
developed the principles of classification and nomenclature of
rocks, pointing out that in the classification of igneous rocks,
their mineralogical composition should play a primary role.
Karpinsky's studies were closely related to practical geology,
his geological and paleogeographic maps provided the basis for broad
practical forecasts for mineral exploration.
For the totality of works Karpinsky in 1892 was awarded the Konstantinovsky
Medal of the Imperial Russian
Geographical Society, and in 1921 the
of the Academy of Sciences of France. He
was a permanent representative of Russian geological science at
international geological congresses, participated in the compilation
of a geological map of Europe and in the unification of graphic
images in geology. During
was the president of the Mineralogical Society. He
was an honorary member of many foreign Academy of Sciences. In
1946, the Academy of Sciences of the USSR established a prize and a gold
medal named after A.P. Karpinsky,
who are awarded for outstanding work in the field of geology.
He died in Moscow, an urn with ashes buried in the Kremlin
the northwest of the island of McClintock in the archipelago of
Franz Josef Land. Named
in 1955, Soviet cartographers.
of Reineke Bay on the southern coast of the southern island of New
in 1924 R.
the Taimyr Gulf. Named
in 1901 E.V. Toll.
The mountain and
the river flowing
down from it south of the Sims Bay on Taimyr. The
mountain is named in 1947 by M.G. Ravich,
the river was named after a mountain in 1951.
the west coast of the Hinlopen Strait, Land of Olaf V ,
West Svalbard Island. The
coordinates are 79°
00'N 19° 30'E.
the east of the island of the October Revolution of the archipelago
Severnaya Zemlya. Named
by polar geologists in the 1950s.