Kazi Mikhail Ilyich*
Born in Sevastopol. He was educated first at home, then at the Black Sea Junker School, and in 1858 graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps, but military service was not his vocation. Immediately after the end of the corps, he became a member of the Russian Society of Shipping and Commerce, having quickly advanced to leading roles thanks to his outstanding technical abilities. He repeatedly traveled to England, where he oversaw the construction of new steamboats, performed the duties of director of the marine department in the society, exercised financial control. In 1868 he retired with the rank of lieutenant commander.
Kazi held various positions of responsibility.
In 1868, he headed the Odessa Shipbuilding Plant, and in 1874 he was elected mayor of Sevastopol. First of all, thanks to him, the monuments of the defense of Sevastopol were preserved for posterity as the historical heritage of Russia.
In 1877, Kazi received an invitation to the position of director of the Baltic Shipbuilding Plant. An excellent administrator and practitioner, he quickly reorganized the plant.
Abroad, the necessary samples of first-class engines were acquired and 30 destroyers were built in a short time, then a number of large ships, such as the frigate Vladimir Monomakh, the cruiser Admiral Nakhimov, the imperial yacht Polar Star and others not inferior to the best English and French to the ships. Kazi showed that in Russia, shipyards can work no worse than foreign ones. He cared about the future, creating the first factory factory apprenticeship in Russia.
Since 1893, Kazi became a member of the council of the Ministry of Finance, combining this activity with the duties of the chairman of the Commission for the Development of Trade and Shipping in Russia, the Chairman of the Imperial Russian Technical Society, the Chairman of the Arkhangelsk-Murmansk Express Shipping Association, a member of the Manufactures and Trade Council, etc.
It was Kazi who substantiated the idea of building a seaport on Murman, was a staunch supporter of the development of the Russian North and the Northern Sea Route.The strategically-minded Kazi argued to his opponents, who suggested construction in Libava, that the port was needed on the high seas, and not in the closed Baltic, where it could be easily blocked. As it was written in one of the obituaries, "... he foresaw the waiting North, - resurrecting Murman, the path to Ob, Lena, Yenisei, foresaw Russian domination on the far eastern sea ...".
In 1894, Kazi accompanied Finance Minister S.Yu. Witte on a trip to the North of Russia. Witte left memories of this trip, in which there are such words about Mikhail Ilyich: “…. Kazi was a man of great intelligence, with great abilities. In appearance Kazi was a type of Greek, but a very beautiful Greek; he spoke very well, visited many times abroad, and especially in England, as he was present there during the construction of various steamships of the Russian Shipping and Trade Society. In general, it was a man of outstanding ability .... I knew that Alexander III favored Kazi too ... The sovereign heard about him, read some of his articles and was of a very good opinion about Kazi ”.
Emperor Nicholas II respectfully mentioned him in his diary: "... After dinner, I read with enthusiasm a note from Kazi about our fleet and its immediate tasks, written reasonably, accurately and competently." And in the letter of the emperor to N.N. Lohman said: “... Recently, Kazi sent me his new book, The Russian fleet, its current state and immediate tasks.” I have already begun to read it and, I confess, I rarely read anything with such enthusiasm. ”
In general, Kazi enjoyed the sympathy and respect of the three emperors - Alexander II , Alexander III and Nicholas II, the Great Princes Konstantin Nikolaevich, Konstantin Konstantinovich, Alexei Alexandrovich and Alexander Mikhailovich, academician A.N. Krylov.
Mikhail Ivanovich Kazi is a holder of the orders of St. Vladimir, 3 and 4 degrees, St. Anna, 2 degrees with the Imperial crown, St. Stanislav, 2 degrees. He is an honorary citizen of Sevastopol, in which a street is named after him. His name is also a school in St. Petersburg, the ship. In 1901, an outstanding Arctic artist A.A. Borisov, to whom Kazi helped him a lot financially during his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts, named Kazi Cape and the mountain on the northwestern shore of Medvezhy Bay on the east coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya.
Mikhail Ilyich died unexpectedly in Nizhny Novgorod, where he took part in the All-Russian Exhibition-Fair, for the organization and conduct of which he made almost the most. His demise was marked by many media. Here is how he writes in the obituary essay placed in the newspaper “Novoe vremya, A.V. Amphitheater: "... I was sitting in the office of the general director ... Suddenly, the door quickly opened and the chairman of the Moscow branch of the Imperial Technical Society, KK, ran in. Mizing There was no face on it ...
- I am now from Kazi, he spoke from the very doors, and his voice broke from excitement, - he is dying .. and, in my opinion, has already died ...
If thunder struck from the sky, I probably would have been less struck ... ".
The Kronstadt Gazette marine and city newspaper describes the funeral process in the following way: “... the funeral of M.I. The Kazi were held with great solemnity. By 11 o'clock, the Isidor Church of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, where on a hearse stood a coffin surrounded by numerous wreaths with the remains of the deceased, was full of worshipers. Among them were the Minister of Public Education, State Secretary Count I.D. Delyanov; State Comptroller T.I. Filippov; Member of the State Council Adjutant General K.N. Posyet; Admiral A.A. Popov; Head of Hydrographic Department Vice-Admiral P.P. Tyrtov, St. Petersburg Mayor N.A. Ratkov-Rozhnov; St. Petersburg Mayor Major-General N.V. Kleigels; flag-captain of His Majesty, Rear Admiral N.N. Lohmen; Director of the Department of Railways A.N. Gorchakov;Director of the Office of the Ministry of Finance Privy Councilor PM Romanov.
The Liturgy, the perfect clergy of the monastery, was attended by Their Imperial Highnesses the Grand Dukes Konstantin Konstantinovich [KR] and Alexander Mikhailovich.
Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna sent a magnificent wreath of fresh flowers. Wreaths were laid from the Ministry of Finance, from I.R.TO.O., from the yacht Polaris, from the Society for the Promotion of Industry and Trade, from the Putilov factory, and many others. ”
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the Nikolsky
cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery (the
grave was found by Anatoly Glotov).
Ps. That was such a person, and it’s very bitter to look at a sprawling, nameless, overgrown gravestone with grass and grass, the location of which is not indicated in any modern reference book. It was only possible to find him thanks to the Nikolsky cemetery scheme of 1914.
Mikhail Ilyich had three children.Two - a son and a daughter, died before the revolution, and the second daughter Anna died of starvation in besieged Leningrad in 1942. She had four children (the last of them died in 1981), but, apparently, they did not have the opportunity to study the grave of their grandfather. In the middle of the tombstone, a huge tree has grown (there is an old photograph), which is now sawed down, but it managed to break off the powerful mounts.
In the book of S.A. Sapozhnikova, published in 2010, said that "descendants are trying to restore it with the participation of the Directorate of the Baltic Plant." But so far, as we see, without success.
I believe that the Funeral Industry Enterprises Association of St. Petersburg and the North-West Region should address this issue.
I have prepared a tombstone, which we, together with Onyx LLC, plan to install on the grave as soon as the weather conditions permit.
Ps1. After some reflection, I came to the conclusion that it was worthless to rely on someone else to do something, and I myself paid to bring the gravestone to a decent condition (see the pages “Arctic Necropolis” and “Restoration and Restoration of Tombstones”) . It turned out quite capable working pensioner.
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