Arctic navigator, admiral.
Born in Tipperary, Ireland. Entered
the fleet in 1822. For
years, Kellett carried out naval service on various seas and oceans. He
patrolled the coast of India, transported colonial troops, served on
the coast of Africa, participated in numerous hostilities.
Since 1848, England began organizing expeditions to search for
the missing expedition of J.
received the name "Franklin" and lasted for decades, playing a
prominent role in the opening of the Northwest Passage and a
thorough survey of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
When organizing the first search, the complexity of the situation
was that no one really knew where to look. Franklin
had instructions from the Admiralty, prescribing him as the
preferred route through the
Lancaster Strait and
further west or north, but leaving him, nevertheless, a fairly wide
freedom of action. The
opinions of experts about the area of the search differed sharply
from each other, therefore it was decided to send three detachments
at once: the marine James
Ross from the east to
the Pr. Lancaster,
sea captain G. Kellett and Commodore Moore from the Bering Strait
and land J.
The ships Kellett, the Herald and Mura, the Plover, left England
separately and were to meet in the Chukchi Sea. Arriving
in Kotzebue Bay and not finding there Moore, who, as it turned out
later, was wintering in the mouth of Anadyr, Kellett returned to the
The meeting took place only in the next 1849. From
the “Plover” team, a boat expedition of 25 people was organized
under the command of Lieutenant Pellen, who with enormous
difficulties reached the Mackenzie
estuary, which was designated by the Admiralty as a meeting
place for all three expeditions, in 32 days. Ships,
sending Pellen, went along the coast of Alaska to the northeast,
reached Cape Wenreith (west of Cape
Barrow), from where
the Herald moved north. At
the point 72° 51'N and
163° 48'W at
the edge of the pack ice, we measured the water temperature at
different depths. It
was the first deep-water hydrological station in the Chukchi Sea.
In mid-August, the ships parted, and Kellett on the "Herald" went
to the north-west. August
17th was a historic discovery. Under
surprisingly clear weather, the sailors saw a small island, beyond
which was visible a large land. By
eye estimation, the distance to the small island was 25 miles, and
to the mainland - 60 miles. We
managed to approach and even land on the nearest
island, named Kellett in honor of its ship. The
naturalist of the expedition B. Zeman held a botanical collection
distant island was surrounded by heavy ice, which did not allow it
to approach. Kellett
named it in honor of Moore's ship "Earth Plover". Land
was called the land, the size of which and the nature of the
connection with the mainland were not known. Kellett
believed that this is the southern tip of a large continent. Only
18 years later, the American whaler, T.
that this is an island located practically in the place where F.P.
indicated his position. In
honor of him, the noble Long called the island the name of Wrangel.
(photo by EA Gusev)
From the island of Herald, Kellett went to Kotzebue Bay, where
the Plover stood for the winter, and then went south into the Bering
following year, Kellett again came to the Chukchi Sea, but he could
not move further than Kotzebue Bay.
In 1852, the Admiralty decided to explore the area of the
possible northern route of Franklin and organized an expedition of
five ships under the general command of E.
Belcher, which was to explore the Wellington
Strait area. Kellett
became Belcher's assistant and was given command of the Resolute and
Intrepid ships. He
was instructed to proceed to Melville
Island and linger
there for a year to search for Franklin, as well as the ships of R.
Collinson and R.
and “Researcher”, which in 1850 set off in search of Franklin
through the Bering Strait.
Kellett already in early September 1852, safely reached the
island of Melville. Because
of the wide fast ice, he was unable to reach the shore and got up
for the winter in the cove of one of the small islands seven or
eight miles from Melville Island. Immediately,
he organized a toboggan party to lay out food depots for subsequent
exploratory campaigns. The
work of the sleighs was crowned with interesting and important
Swords at the
wintering place W.
Parry in 1819
- 1820 found
the document left here by F.
McClintock a year
most importantly, next to this document, to his great joy, he found
a note of the wanted Mac-Clour left in the spring of that year. In
a note, McClure reported on the progress of his expedition and of
course on the opening of the Northwest Passage. Upon
learning that McClure and his team were experiencing the third
wintering, Kellett was ready to immediately send a rescue team to
him, but, unfortunately, this was impossible because of the coming
dark time. But
as soon as the bright days began, a detachment of ten people headed
by Lieutenant B.
Pym headed for the
April 6, they reached the Bay
of Mercy, where the Explorer spent the winter. It
turned out that in nine days a significant part of the crew would
leave part east of the northeastern tip of
Somerset, where there was a food store, and partly towards the
the Mackenzie River. People
were weakened by three winters and probably would have gone to meet
The very next day, nine people, led by McClure, went to Kellett’s
wintering place and reached it in twelve days. The
joy of the meeting was indescribable and darkened only by the fact
that neither of the expeditions found any trace of Franklin.
Heavy ice conditions did not allow Kellett in 1853 to return to
the base of the expedition Belcher, organized on the island
of Beachy. The
following year, Belcher, whose ships also could not return to Beachy
stuck in the ice of the
Strait decided to leave them, as well as the Kellett and McClure ships, to
walk to Beachy Island and then return to England on the fifth
vessel, the Northern Star, which remained as the base near Beachy
objected to the abandonment of serviceable ships, but was obliged to
obey the order.
The outcome of the Belcher expedition caused widespread
discontent in England. The
Admiralty considered it necessary to conduct a trial, and all three
captains of abandoned ships, Belcher, Kellett and McClure, were
and McClure referred to the order of their superior and were
justified without any problems. The
chairman, returning his sword to Kellett, said that he "feels great
pleasure in returning his sword to the owner, who bore it with such
honor and good for his country". Belcher was also acquitted.
Later Kellett during the years 1855-1859. commanded
the connection of ships in Jamaica, in 1864-1868. He
ran a shipyard in Malta, in 1869–1871. was
commander in chief in China.
Commander of the Order of the Bath.
He died in Klonabody.
on the east coast of Prince of Wales Island.
the west of the island Banks and the river.
A small river in
northern Canada that flows into Pelly Bay.
the Canadian Arctic archipelago west of Melville Island. Opened
by a group of Lieutenant J. Mechama in 1853.