Kertselli Sergey Vasilievich
pioneer of experienced work in reindeer breeding.
Born in the town of Bendin, Petrokov province, Kingdom of Poland. After
graduation he worked in the veterinary laboratory.
In 1907, the Bolshezemelskaya tundra once again swept the
colossal case of domestic deer. The
scale of this phenomenon forced the government to take measures to
clarify its causes. In
1908, Kertselli was sent to the Bolshezemelskaya tundra, where he
lived and roamed along with Zyryan reindeer herders. Four
times he crossed the tundra from south to north and back, having
done a total of over 1000 km. The
results of his research were reflected in the capital scientific
work “On the Bolshezemelskaya tundra with nomads”.
This trip Kertselli determined his further fate and direction of
scientific activity. His
life is inextricably linked with the Far North. Already
in 1910, he organized the first in Russia station on the study of
reindeer herding and deer diseases in Pechora and became its head.
After the civil war, Kertselli expanded the geographical scope of
his research. He
traveled to the Kola Peninsula, Kamchatka, the Anadyr Territory and
other reindeer regions of the country. Together
with R.L. Samoilovich and N.A. Kulik Kertselli
became one of the organizers of the Northern Scientific and
Industrial Expedition, on the basis of which the Arctic Institute
was later organized. He
owes his appearance to the Research Institute for Reindeer Herding,
of which he remained the supervisor until the end of his life.
Kertselli on a trip to the Bolshezemelskaya tundra
Despite his age and state of health, Kerzelly was not limited to
desk or laboratory work. In
1931, in spite of his heart disease, he flew to the Taimyr National
District to eliminate anthrax epizootics in deer. In
1933, as part of the Pechora brigade of the Academy of Sciences of
the USSR, he traveled to Pechora, in 1934, he worked at Murman. Only
a huge workload in the center did not allow him to carry out his
planned wintering trip to Cape Schmidt. Already
seriously ill two months before his death, he rushed to go to the
3 line Vasilievskiy Island, house 46. Here, in square 41, Kertselli
lived at the time of 1934
Kertselli, being a recognized expert in the field of reindeer
herding, was not limited to this field of activity. Huge
erudition, seething energy, broad outlook allowed him to participate
in all activities related to the development of the Far North. He
was a member of the board of the All-Union Union, the Committee of
the North, the Polar Commission of the Academy of Sciences of the
USSR, the All-Union Geographical Society, the Bureau for the Study
of the Productive Forces of the Northern Territory, the Research
Association at the Institute of Northern Nations. Until
the last days of his life, Kertselli was a scientist consultant at
the Arctic Institute.
He died in Leningrad. He
was buried in one of the cemeteries of the Alexander Nevsky
Monastery, the grave was not preserved.
the northern shore of Sedov Bay on the Kara coast of the northern
island of Novaya Zemlya. Named
in 1925 by the expedition of the Institute for the Study of the
North on the "Elding" schooner headed by R.L. Samoylovich.