Kireev Ivan Alekseevich 

Russian hydrograph, doctor of naval sciences. 
Born in Warsaw, in the family of an infantry officer, a member of the Russian-Turkish and Russian-Japanese wars. He studied at the Suvorov Cadet Corps in Warsaw, then graduated from the Petersburg Naval Cadet Corps. During the training voyage as part of the Russian squadron, he participated in assisting the residents of the Sicilian city of Messina, who were affected by the devastating earthquake of 1908. He was awarded the Italian silver medal. 
In the period 1908–1911 Kireev held navigational positions on the ships of the Baltic Fleet. In 1911 he was transferred to the Black Sea Fleet, but a year later he returned to the Baltic. 
During the First World War, Kireev served as the flagship navigator of the division and took part in a number of military operations, including the famous Moonsund battle, as well as in the Ice transition of the Baltic Fleet from Helsingfors to Kronstadt in 1918. He developed a set of technical and technological methods of combat trawling. Kireev's personal courage is marked by five martial awards. 
After the war in the early 1920s, Kireev held the position of chief navigator of the Baltic Fleet. In 1924, after retirement due to illness, he worked at the Main Geophysical Observatory, where he developed ice forecast methods for the Gulf of Finland. 
During the years 1928-1932. Kireev led research for the construction of a hydropower station on Lake Sevan, in 1932–1933. 
He led the Zeravshan glacial expedition of the Academy of Sciences.


Theater Square, 16. Here in the apartment 35 Kireev lived  at the time of 1934

Since 1934, his work is associated with  the Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route. Kireev held the posts of navigator, hydrograph, deputy chief and chief of hydrographic expeditions. Participant and organizer of marine expeditions of Polar Hydrography, he did a lot to improve research methods. For example, the method proposed by Kireev for calculating the correction for the lotlin deviation from the vertical (he named it in honor of Polar Hydrography as “the method of the Northern Sea Route”) was highly appreciated by Academician A.N. Krylov. In 1935, the expedition led by Kireev on the icebreaker steamer "Malygin" explored the central part of the Kara Sea and discovered islands named after Sergei Kirov and an underwater central elevation. Great is his contribution to the study of the magnetic field of high latitudes of the Arctic. 
Since 1940, fate again tied him to the navy. He served in many staff and academic positions, in 1943 he was promoted to captain of the 1st rank. 
He died of heart failure in Moscow. He was buried in the columbaria Novodevichy cemetery. 
Cape on the Kara coast of the northern island of New Earth in the hall. Well-being. Named in 1936 as the topographer of the "Malygin"  M.M. 



Currently, the "Ivan Kireev" scientific vessel is operating as part of the Arkhangelsk hydrobase of the Ministry of the Navy Hydrographic Enterprise.


Return to the main page