Kireev Ivan Alekseevich
hydrograph, doctor of naval sciences.
Born in Warsaw, in the family of an infantry officer, a member of
the Russian-Turkish and Russian-Japanese wars. He
studied at the Suvorov Cadet Corps in Warsaw, then graduated from
the Petersburg Naval Cadet Corps. During
the training voyage as part of the Russian squadron, he participated
in assisting the residents of the Sicilian city of Messina, who were
affected by the devastating earthquake of 1908. He
was awarded the Italian silver medal.
In the period 1908–1911 Kireev
held navigational positions on the ships of the Baltic Fleet. In
1911 he was transferred to the Black Sea Fleet, but a year later he
returned to the Baltic.
During the First World War, Kireev served as the flagship
navigator of the division and took part in a number of military
operations, including the famous Moonsund battle, as well as in the
Ice transition of the Baltic Fleet from Helsingfors to Kronstadt in
developed a set of technical and technological methods of combat
personal courage is marked by five martial awards.
After the war in the early 1920s, Kireev held the position of
chief navigator of the Baltic Fleet. In
1924, after retirement due to illness, he worked at the Main
Geophysical Observatory, where he developed ice forecast methods for
the Gulf of Finland.
During the years 1928-1932. Kireev
led research for the construction of a hydropower station on Lake
Sevan, in 1932–1933. He
led the Zeravshan glacial expedition of the Academy of Sciences.
Theater Square, 16. Here
in the apartment 35 lived Kireev at the time of 1934
Since 1934, his work is associated with
the Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route. Kireev
held the posts of navigator, hydrograph, deputy chief and chief of
hydrographic expeditions. Participant
and organizer of marine expeditions of Polar Hydrography, he did a
lot to improve research methods. For
example, the method proposed by Kireev for calculating the
correction for the lotlin deviation from the vertical (he named it
in honor of Polar Hydrography as “the method of the Northern Sea
Route”) was highly appreciated by Academician
In 1935, the expedition led by Kireev on the icebreaker steamer
"Malygin" explored the central part of the Kara Sea and discovered
islands named after Sergei Kirov and an underwater central
is his contribution to the study of the magnetic field of high
latitudes of the Arctic.
Since 1940, fate again tied him to the navy. He
served in many staff and academic positions, in 1943 he was promoted
to captain of the 1st rank.
He died of heart failure in Moscow. He
was buried in the columbaria
the Kara coast of the northern island of New Earth in the hall. Well-being. Named
in 1936 as the topographer of the "Malygin" M.M. Strelchenya.