Kozhevnikov Mikhail Yakovlevich
Born in the city of Kozlov, Tambov Province. In
1892 he graduated from the military topographic school and was
seconded to the 145 infantry regiment of Novocherkassk.
During 1893–1896 Kozhevnikov
was engaged in the shooting of the North-Western border area, then
served in the 115th Vyazma infantry regiment.
Kozhevnikov entered the history of studies of the Russian North
due to his participation in 1904–1906. in
the expedition of geologist I.P.Tolmacheva in the north of Siberia:
in the Yenisei province and the Yakutsk region. Upon
returning from it, he spent three years filming the St. Petersburg
province and Finland, as well as in the units of the Main
Directorate of the Murmansk coast.
Another meeting with the Polar Region took place at Kozhevnikov
in 1909–1910. He
was seconded to the Chukotka expedition of the same I.P.Tolmachyova,
organized by the Ministry of Trade and Industry. The
expedition achieved good results, conducting a topographic survey of
more than two thousand kilometers of the Arctic coast from Kolyma to
Cape Dezhnev, which was based on 24 astronomical points, in six
km of shooting to Cape
Shalaurova hut conducted Kozhevnikov.
cliff on Cape Schmidt (Ryrkaypy)
A special place in Kozhevnikov’s activities is occupied by his
participation in the preparations for the celebration of the 300th
anniversary of the reign of the House of Romanov, which was
celebrated in 1912. In
1911 he was sent to the Kostroma province to find out at the place
of the borders of the ancient possessions of the Romanovs at the
time of the accession to the throne of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. In
the same year, he was engaged in shooting Borodino field, which was
carried out on the eve of the celebration of the 100th anniversary
of the Patriotic War of 1812.
In 1912, the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society awarded Kozhevnikov with a small
gold medal "for
literary works". In
1915 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Corps of Military
Further, it is known that by 1922 Kozhevnikov was in the 1st
military topographic detachment. He
was dismissed from service on March 1, 1924. In
the first half of the 1930s, he worked as a senior cartographer for
the Yakut section of the Soviet Academy of Sciences' Soviet Academy
of Sciences, in 1932, under his editorship, the map of the Yakut
ASSR of 1: 2,000,000 scale was published. After that, Kozhevnikov's
tracks are lost. Place
of death unknown.
Cape Schmidt in Chukotka. Named
in 1909 by geologist I.P. Tolmachyov.
the south of the Haar-Tumus peninsula on the eastern shore of the
Khatanga Bay. First
described by Kozhevnikov in 1905. The
name was given in 1924 at the suggestion of the famous cartographer
of Yakutia A.A. Romanov. A village
and a hill are
called along the bay.