Kolchak Sofya Fedorovna
A.V. Kolchak, nee Omirova.
She was born in Kamenetz-Podolsk, Podolsk Province (now the
Khmelnitsky region of Ukraine), where her father, Fyodor Vasilyevich
Omirov, Actual Privy Counselor, served as the head of the Treasury
Chamber and in the last years of his life managed the Podolsk
was the son of a priest near Moscow, a student and friend of M.N. Katkov
and Academician Ya.K. Grot.
Mother Daria Fyodorovna, nee Kamenskaya, was the daughter of
Major-General, director of the Forest Institute FA Kamensky,
the sister of the sculptor FF Kamensky. Among
her distant ancestors, she counted Baron Minich (the brother of
Field Marshal, Elizabethan grandee) and the Chief Consulate General
(who defeated Frederick the Great in the Seven Years' War).
Sophia was brought up at the Smolny Institute, was a very
educated girl, she knew seven languages, French, German and English
knew excellently.Notable for strong-willed, independent character.
By agreement with Kolchak, they were to be married after his
return from RPE under the direction of E.V. Toll. However,
the marriage had to be postponed until the end of the second
expedition, in which Kolchak headed the rescue team, which set off
Island in search of the missing expedition leader. Omirova
arrived from the island of Capri, from Italy, to Petersburg, and
from there, with Kolchak's father, Vasily Ivanovich, arrived in
marriage took place on March 5, 1904, about which the record was
kept, which is now kept in the State Archive of the Irkutsk province
in the foundation of the spiritual conservatory of the Grado-Irkutsk
Mikhaylo-Arkhangelsk (Kharlampievskaya) church. Guarantors
from her husband were V.I. Kolchak
and N.A. Begichev. Immediately
after the wedding, the young spouse went to the Russian-Japanese
war, was wounded, after the surrender of Port Arthur was captured,
in which he spent 4 months.
Kolchaks had three children: the eldest girl did not live a
month, the younger Margarita at the age of two caught a cold during
her flight from the Germans from Libau in 1914 and died. Son
Rostislav, born in 1910, died in France at the age of 55 years.
With son Rostislav and grandson Alexander. 1939
After the appointment of Kolchak in 1916 as commander of the
Black Sea Fleet, Sofia Fedorovna lived with her husband in
August A.F. Kerensky
forced the admiral to resign, after which, at the invitation of the
command of the American fleet, he went to the USA to advise American
specialists on the experience of the use of mine weapons by Russian
sailors in World War I, while his wife and son remained in
this time, Kolchak was already familiar with A.V. Timireva,
who became his common-law wife. After
the October Revolution, Sofya Fedorovna, sending her son to a safe
place, was hiding under a false name in the families of sailors. In
April 1919 she was able to travel to Constanza in an English
military ship, then Bucharest followed, and finally Paris, where she
and her son lived the rest of their lives.
In exile they lived very hard. The
well-known Arctic historian A. Shumilov found a letter to Sophia
Fyodorovna in Norway’s F.
“Dear Sir, still hoping without hope, I took the liberty to address
you because I do not see anyone who would like to help us in our
misfortune ... Until now, we were assisted by some modest friends
who were often unwilling to remain anonymous, but more numerous were
the enemies, merciless and cruel, whose machinations broke the life
of my brave husband and brought me through apoplexy to a charity
I have my boy whose life and future are at stake now. Our
dear English friend who has helped us over the past three years can
no longer provide support; and
said that after April 10 of this year, she could not do anything for
Kolchak is studying at the Sorbonne ... with the hope of getting on
his feet and taking his sick mother home. He
has been studying for two years now, two or three years left before
he will receive a diploma and will be released into a big life. In
May, exams will begin, which will be fully completed by August. But
how to live to this point? We
only want to borrow some money for a while to transfer to him. 1000
francs per month is enough for a young man to make ends meet. I
ask you for 5,000 francs, for which he can live and study until he
passes the exams ... Remember that we are alone in this world, no
country helps us, no city - Only the God you saw in in the northern
seas, where my deceased husband also visited and where there is a
small island called Bennett Island, where the ashes of your friend
Baron Toll are located, where the northern cape of these harsh lands
is called Cape Sofia in honor of my wounded and tossing soul - then
it is easier to look into the eyes of reality and understand the
moral suffering of the unfortunate m ter,
whose boy April 10 will be thrown out of life without a penny in his
pocket at the bottom of Paris. I
hope you understand our position and you will find these 5,000
francs as quickly as possible, and may the Lord bless you, if that
is so. Sofya
Kolchak, Admiral's widow.
Russian house in Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois, where
lived in recent years
Apparently, help from Nansen came. Rostislav
Kolchak graduated from the Higher School of Diplomatic and
Commercial Sciences, served in the Algerian Bank. He
married Catherine Razvozova, daughter of admiral A.V. Razvozov,
the last pre-Bolshevik commander of the Baltic Fleet.
Sofia Fedorovna survived the German occupation of Paris and the
captivity of her son - an officer in the French army.
She died in the hospital Longjumeau near Paris, was buried in the cemetery
of Saint-Genevieve de Bois.
The island (Sofia)
in the Kara Sea among the Litke islands of the Nordenskiöld
in 1906 by A.V. Kolchak.
Cape Sofia on the peninsula Chernysheva Bennett
(photo by N. M. Stolbov)
(photo by EA Gusev)
on the Bennett Island of the Novosibirsk Islands archipelago. Named
in 1903 by A.V. Kolchak.