Kolchak Sofya Fedorovna 
(1876–06.03.1956)


Wife A.V. Kolchak, nee Omirova. 
She was born in Kamenetz-Podolsk, Podolsk Province (now the Khmelnitsky region of Ukraine), where her father, Fyodor Vasilyevich Omirov, Actual Privy Counselor, served as the head of the Treasury Chamber and in the last years of his life managed the Podolsk Governorate. He was the son of a priest near Moscow, a student and friend of M.N. Katkov and Academician Ya.K. Grotto 
Mother Daria Fyodorovna, nee Kamenskaya, was the daughter of Major-General, director of the Forest Institute FA Kamensky, the sister of the sculptor FF Kamensky. Among her distant ancestors, she counted Baron Minich (the brother of Field Marshal, Elizabethan grandee) and the Chief Consulate General M.V. Berg (who defeated Frederick the Great in the Seven Years' War). 
Sophia was brought up at the Smolny Institute, was a very educated girl, she knew seven languages, French, German and English knew excellently.Notable for strong-willed, independent character. 
By agreement with Kolchak, they were to be married after his return from RPE under the direction of E.V. Toll. However, the marriage had to be postponed until the end of the second expedition, in which Kolchak headed the rescue team, which set off on about. Bennett in search of the missing expedition leader. Omirova arrived from the island of Capri, from Italy, to Petersburg, and from there, with Kolchak's father, Vasily Ivanovich, arrived in Irkutsk. The marriage took place on March 5, 1904, about which the record was kept, which is now kept in the State Archive of the Irkutsk province in the foundation of the spiritual conservatory of the Grado-Irkutsk Mikhaylo-Arkhangelsk (Kharlampievskaya) church. Guarantors from her husband were V.I. Kolchak and N.A. Begichev. Immediately after the wedding, the young spouse went to the Russian-Japanese war, was wounded, after the surrender of Port Arthur was captured, in which he spent 4 months. 
Kolchakov had three children: the eldest girl did not live a month, the younger Margarita at the age of two caught a cold during her flight from the Germans from Libau in 1914 and died. 
Son Rostislav, born in 1910, died in France at the age of 55 years.

 

With son Rostislav and grandson Alexander. 1939


After the appointment of Kolchak in 1916 as commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Sofia Fedorovna lived with her husband in Sevastopol. In August A.F. Kerensky forced the admiral to resign, after which, at the invitation of the command of the American fleet, he went to the USA to advise American specialists on the experience of the use of mine weapons by Russian sailors in World War I, while his wife and son remained in Sevastopol. By this time, Kolchak was already familiar with A.V. Timireva, who became his common-law wife. After the October Revolution, Sofya Fedorovna, sending her son to a safe place, was hiding under a false name in the families of sailors. In April 1919 she was able to travel to Constanza in an English military ship, then Bucharest followed, and finally Paris, where she and her son lived the rest of their lives. 
In exile they lived very hard. The well-known Arctic historian A. Shumilov found a letter to Sophia Fyodorovna in Norway’s F. Nansen archives: “Dear Sir, still hoping without hope, I took the liberty to address you because I do not see anyone who would like to help us in our misfortune ... Until now, we were assisted by some modest friends who were often unwilling to remain anonymous, but more numerous were the enemies, merciless and cruel, whose machinations broke the life of my brave husband and brought me through apoplexy to a charity house. But I have my boy whose life and future are at stake now. Our dear English friend who has helped us over the past three years can no longer provide support; and said that after April 10 of this year, she could not do anything for him. Young Kolchak is studying at the Sorbonne ... with the hope of getting on his feet and taking his sick mother home. He has been studying for two years now, two or three years left before he will receive a diploma and will be released into a big life. In May, exams will begin, which will be fully completed by August. But how to live to this point? We only want to borrow some money for a while to transfer to him. 1000 francs per month is enough for a young man to make ends meet. I ask you for 5,000 francs, for which he can live and study until he passes the exams ... Remember that we are alone in this world, no country helps us, no city - Only the God you saw in in the northern seas, where my deceased husband also visited and where there is a small island called Bennett Island, where the ashes of your friend Baron Toll are located, where the northern cape of these harsh lands is called Cape Sofia in honor of my wounded and tossing soul - then it is easier to look into the eyes of reality and understand the moral suffering of the unfortunate m ter, whose boy April 10 will be thrown out of life without a penny in his pocket at the bottom of Paris. I hope you understand our position and you will find these 5,000 francs as quickly as possible, and may the Lord bless you, if that is so. Sofya Kolchak, Admiral's widow.

 

Russian house in Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois, where Sofya Kolchak

lived in recent years


Apparently, help from Nansen came. Rostislav Kolchak graduated from the Higher School of Diplomatic and Commercial Sciences, served in the Algerian Bank. He married Catherine Razvozova, daughter of admiral A.V. Razvozov, the last pre-Bolshevik commander of the Baltic Fleet. 
Sofia Fedorovna survived the German occupation of Paris and the captivity of her son - an officer in the French army. 
She died in the hospital Longjumeau near Paris, was buried in the cemetery of Saint-Genevieve de Bois. 
The island (Sofia) in the Kara Sea among the Litke islands of the Nordenskiöld archipelago. Named in 1906 by A.V. Kolchak.

 

Cape Sofia on the peninsula Chernysheva Bennett Island

(photo by N. M. Stolbov)

Cape Sofia

(photo by EA Gusev)

 

Cape (Sofia) on the Bennett Island of the Novosibirsk Islands archipelago. Named in 1903 by A.V. Kolchak.

 

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