Korzhinsky Sergey Ivanovich 

An outstanding Russian nerd, academician. 
Born in Astrakhan. In 1881 he graduated from the Astrakhan classical gymnasium with a gold medal and entered the Kazan University in the department of natural sciences of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. Soon he was elected a member of the Kazan Society of Naturalists.Botany was his real passion. Already the first scientific work of a sophomore student at Kazan University Korzhinsky, “Sketch of the Flora of the Astrakhan Region” attracted the attention of scientists. He spent the whole summer of 1883 in the Volga delta, next year he devoted to the study of controversial plants of the Kazan province, and then the study of the northern border of the black earth-steppe belt. In 1885  after graduation from the decision of the academic council, he was left at the university to prepare for a professorship. 
In 1887  Korzhinsky defended his thesis for a master's degree and until 1888, the gifted botanist was assistant professor at Kazan University, read a course in botanical geography, and continued research. 
The rapid development of geobotany and botanical geography at the end of the 19th century in Russia was connected with the work of two powerful scientific schools - Petersburg Botanical and Geographical AN. Beketov and his students and Kazan geobotanical, at the origins of which there were three major personalities - P.N. Krylov, S.I. Korzhinsky and A.Ya. Gordyagin. The ideological formation of the Kazan school is primarily associated with the works of S.I.Korzhinsky. 
In 1888  after defending his doctoral dissertation, Korzhinsky moved to the newly opened Tomsk University, where in 1888-1892  was a professor in the department of botany.During this period, he combined teaching with research, traveled extensively, conducted phytotopographic studies in Simbirsk, Samara, Ufa, Perm, and partly Vyatka provinces. 
In 1892 he was invited to the capital, where he was appointed chief botanist of the Imperial Petersburg Botanical Garden. Since 1893  he simultaneously served as director of the Botanical Museum of the Academy of Sciences, was a professor of higher female courses. In 1896 he was elected a full member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences.Work in St. Petersburg did not prevent him from making long research trips. 
Works and research Korzhinsky are essential for domestic science. He gave the first description of the vegetation of Central Asia, proposed a general botanical and geographical zoning of Russia, became the founder of some areas in botany, including the main method of practical plant systematics - geographic and morphological. He managed to immortalize his name, having advanced the theory of soil evolution and discovered mutations. Extensive works of Korzhinsky on the study of vegetation created the theoretical basis on which Russian geobotany subsequently developed. 
Korzhinsky did not even live to his 40th birthday (and the 20th anniversary of scientific activity). In 1900  he traveled to the Astrakhan province, where he studied ways to strengthen the sands with vegetation, and from there he went to the Crimea. In November  he returned to St. Petersburg, where he died suddenly. His son Dmitry (1899-1985)  an outstanding geologist in the future, one of the founders of physical and chemical petrology and mineralogy, physical geochemistry, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor, the Lenin Prize laureate, has just turned one year old.

The merits of Korzhinsky were awarded the Russian Orders of St. Stanislav 2 and 3 degrees and the Order of Noble Bukhara of Bukhara. 
He was buried at Nikolsky cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The cross on the pedestal, the cross is now lost. 
Cape in Knipovich Bay on the northeast coast of Taimyr. Called by E.V. Toll in 1901. Unfortunately, the fate of this toponym was unhappy. 
Back in the Kara Sea of ​​1938, the southern entrance cape of the Knipovich bay, the Cape of Korzhinsky, is indicated. However, the Karpinsky Cape” is already marked on the maps of the 1950s. Somewhere in this time section, some kind of gibberish cartographer, his land rest in peace, having Karpinsky Bay adjacent to the Knipovich Bay before his eyes, without bothering to check, wrote Karpinsky Cape. No one has controlled it, and for several decades now, on all maps, both topographic and nautical, is the wrong name. The people responsible for the accuracy of the maps, without any embarrassment, said that they would not be engaged in correction.


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