Kosarev Alexander Vasilyevich
Born in Moscow in a working class family. Educated
in a two-year primary school.
In 1912 Kosarev entered the zinc-tin plant. Already
at a young age he joined the struggle against autocracy: in 1918 he
joined the Komsomol, becoming one of its founders, in 1919 - in the
Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).
With the beginning of the Civil War, Kosarev volunteered to join
the Red Army and participated in the defense of Petrograd.
From 1921 until his last days, Kosarev was in responsible
Komsomol work. Here
is a list of Komsomol posts that he held: Secretary of the Bauman
District Komsomol Committee in Moscow, Moscow-Narva District
Committee in Leningrad, since 1924 Secretary of the Penza Provincial
Committee of the Komsomol, in January-April 1926 Secretary of the
Komsomol District Committee in Leningrad, in 1926–1929. 1st
Secretary of the Moscow Committee of the Komsomol, simultaneously in
of the Komsomol Central Committee, since 1928 secretary of the
Komsomol Central Committee, since March 1929, secretary general of
the Komsomol. In
of the Central Control Commission of the
All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). On
October 28, 1933, the Presidium of the
Executive Committee of the USSR awarded A.V. Kosarev Order
of Lenin as "a proven
leader of the Lenin Komsomol, an outstanding organizer of the
Komsomol masses in their struggle under the leadership of the party
for the victory of the five-year plan".
Work on the Komsomol positions Kosarev combined with party
1930, he is a member candidate, since 1934 - a member of the Central
Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Organizing Bureau of the Central
1938 he was elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
Kosarev was in the Komsomol indisputable authority, enjoyed wide
popularity, being considered one of the most promising party
one time he was even considered a favorite by I.V. Stalin. At
the Plenum of the Central Committee of the
All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in February -
March 1937, when discussing the issue of N.I. Bukharin
and A.I. Rykov
Kosarev spoke "for the exception, trial and execution". Surely
he was sincerely convinced that he was right, he figured out
everything only when he himself was repressed. In
November 1938, he was removed from his post as 1st secretary and
removed from the Central Committee "for gross violation of
intra-Komsomol democracy, heartless-bureaucratic and hostile
attitude towards honest workers of the Komsomol, patronage of
morally corrupt, drunk, alien to the party and Komsomol elements".
On November 29, 1938 arrest, torture during interrogation and
the death sentence on February 22, 1939 for “anti-Soviet and
terrorist activities”, carried out a week later, followed.
Details of the last interrogation Kosarev told one of the
by endless mockery, realizing that the outcome was close, Kosarev
could no longer and did not want to restrain his indignation: “You
bastards, criminals, you are ruining Soviet power! All
the same, answer for us, you bastards! ”It seemed that this hoarse,
intermittent cry came to the last nooks and crannies of the
In 1954 Kosarev was rehabilitated, in 1989, when
the mass withdrawal from the party began, he was reinstated in it.
The ashes were buried in Moscow, at the Donskoe
Cemetery in the Mass
grave No. 1, in which the ashes of M.N. Tukhachevsky,
and many others. Next
to her is the cenotaph of A.V. Kosarev,
installed at the grave
of his wife Naneishvili M.V.
the island Komsomolets archipelago Severnaya Zemlya. At
the suggestion of the SE MMF of the USSR and the institute, the
Soyuzimimproekt was named the Krasnoyarsk Regional Executive
Committee in the 1970s.