Kozlyaninov Leonid Lavrovich
naval officer, hydrograph, a descendant of Admiral Timofey
Gavrilovich Kozlyaninov - a hero of the Gogland battle with the
He graduated from the naval school and became a midshipman on the
team of the frigate “General-Admiral”, at which the Grand Duke
George Alexandrovich made overseas voyage. Then
he served on the frigate "Minin", the battleship "Navarin", gunboat
the occupation of Crete Kozlyaninov was part of the international
occupation squad. This
period includes his first correspondence, published in the newspaper
In the years 1900-1901 Kozlyaninov
served in the Far East, participated in the seizure of the port of
Yingkou, and then, as commander of the destroyer "№208", led the
survey of the Liaokhe River, becoming its first explorer. In
the spring of 1901, he descended on a Chinese junk from the
headwaters of the river near the border with Mongolia to its very
from cold rains and winds, reflecting the constant attacks of river
pirates, the Hunhuz, the Kozlyaninov team carried out an accurate
survey and measurement of the river, identified 38 astronomical
In the same year, by order of Admiral Alekseev Kozlyaninov, he
was appointed commander of the steamship Samson, which was at the
disposal of the Russian military authorities. He
was tasked to climb the river and clean it of the hunghuz. During
the entire navigation, the Samson under the Russian flag cruised
along the river, ensuring the safe navigation of small caravans
carrying millions of pounds of cargo.
In 1902 Kozlyaninov returned to St. Petersburg and was appointed
Assistant Chief of the Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition A.I. Varnek. On
the ship "Pakhtusov" he was engaged in the study of the White and
Then Kozlyaninov served in the Baltic, having
survived the troubled times of 1905-1906.
Severe illness interrupted his brilliant navy career. He
resigned and took up journalism, the capacity for which was revealed
to him in his youth. His
articles and reviews devoted to theatrical productions, primarily
ballet, were published on the pages of the St. Petersburg newspapers
"New Time" and "Russia".
The last years of Kozlyaninov’s life were agonizing. He
suffered from circulatory disorders and nerves, could not walk well.
He died of cerebral hemorrhage. He
was buried in Petersburg at the family site of the Mitrofanyevsky
cemetery destroyed in the 1930s.
An island in
the Barents Sea at the northwestern tip of Vaigach Island. At
the suggestion of Varnek, he was named in 1902 by the decision of
the Council of the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society (protocol of December 5, 1902).