Krasilshchikov Alexander Arkadevich
Born in Leningrad. Difficult
years of blockade survived in the besieged city.
After graduating from the school with a gold medal, he entered
the geological department of the Leningrad State Physics Institute,
from which he was released in 1956 with a diploma of mining
engineer-geologist and a specialty "geological survey and mineral
was this business that became the business of Krasilshchikov, he
devoted all his scientific and production activities to him. He
started with a geological survey as part of the Far Eastern
expedition of VSEGEI, and from 1958 he moved to NIIGA and for the
next 40 years he was engaged in the geology of the Arctic. No
matter how the name of the organization changed in the following
years, its core was the NIIGA team, and Krasilshchikov was one of
its leading figures.He devoted four years to research in Eastern
Siberia, on the basis of which, together with V.A. Vinogradov
developed a new stratigraphic scheme of the Upper Precambrian of the
Siberian Platform. References
to this scheme are found in the geological literature to date.
Since 1962, the main stage of Krasilshchikov’s activity began,
continuing throughout his later life. He
became a member of the Spitsbergen party, which had just been
created, having passed through it from a geologist to a chief. Quickly
enough Krasilshchikov became one of the leading experts on the
geology of Spitsbergen, who had the highest authority not only in
his homeland, but also abroad.
Gradually, from the study of Spitsbergen proper, Krasilshchikov
turned to the study of the geological structure of the Barents Sea. The
map of the thickness of the sedimentary cover and the tectonic
zoning of the basement made under his leadership formed the basis
for large-scale geological and geophysical studies on the shelf of
the Barents Sea, which led to the discovery of oil and gas fields,
including the large Shtokman gas field.
In 1969, Krasilshchikov defended his Ph.D. thesis, and in 1973 he
published a monograph entitled “Stratigraphy and Paleotectonics of
the Precambrian - Early Paleozoic Spitsbergen”, which was the first
comprehensive work on the geology of the archipelago, published in
After 1975, for a number of years he explored the tectonics and
oil and gas potential of the Norwegian-Greenland Basin, participated
in sea voyages on the ships of the Academy of Sciences.
Krasilshchikov was the editor of many collections
and geological maps of the archipelago, including the “Spitsbergen
Stratigraphic Dictionary”, was a member of the Norwegian Spitsbergen
He died after a serious illness in St. Petersburg. The
urn with ashes is buried in the columbarium
of the city crematorium.
the northwest of the island Northeastern Land of the Svalbard
in 2002 by the Norwegian Polar Institute as proposed by V. Dolman.