Kravkov Sergey Nikolaevich
(11(23).11.1894 – February 1942)
hydrograph, arctic explorer.
Born in St. Petersburg in the family of a native of Ryazan, the
famous Russian scientist, the creator of the national
pharmacological school, Academician Nikolai Pavlovich Kravkov
(buried in St. Petersburg at the Novodevichy Cemetery, the grave was
mother was the daughter of the famous surgeon E.I. Bogdanovsky
(buried in the Tikhvin cemetery of St. Petersburg, in 1936, the
ashes were transferred to the Literary bridges of the Volkovsky
cemetery, the grave was preserved). It
seemed that the young man was destined to be a doctor, but he became
He graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps and was assigned to the
Black Sea Fleet, participated in the First World War. In
1914, in the famous battle of Russian battleships with the German
cruisers “Geben” and “Breslau” at Cape Sarych on the Black Sea,
midshipman Kravkov showed both personal courage and talent as a
the fire of the battleship "Three Saints" from the mast, he
performed historical watercolor sketches of the battle, published in
the Sea Collection magazine, under the whistle of the fragments. Later
they were printed in one of the maritime textbooks and are still of
historical value. For
participation in this battle Kravkov was awarded the Order of St.Anna
of the 4th degree.
In 1917 Kravkov graduated from navigator classes and received
the title of navigator of the first category.
In 1919 he went to the Pacific Ocean on the minesweeper
"Jerusalem", served in the Siberian military flotilla, was the
flagship navigator of the headquarters of the naval forces of the
Far East. Since
1923 his life has been associated with work in the Arctic Ocean. In
explored the northern seas as part of Ubekosibir, in 1930-1932 performed
hydrographic works in the Taz and Ob Bay, completed sketches for the
first lot of the Ob Bay.
Subsequently, Kravkov specialized in astronomical works, having
visited many parts of the Northern Sea Route. The
astro points in Minin's skerries, Gydan Bay, on the coast of the
East Siberian Sea, served for a long time as the basis of maps of
those places. During
his observations in the Lena Delta in the winter of 1940, he froze
his legs and hands severely. Doctors
at the Tiksin hospital hardly saved his life, but his hands and feet
had to be amputated. Becoming
disabled, Kravkov worked in the scientific archive of Polar
refused to evacuate from Leningrad, firmly believing that his native
city would not be surrendered to the enemy.
“Sergey Kravkov” conducts hydrographic and hydrological
research in the World Ocean, including in the regions of
the tropics and the Arctic.
For many years the professor of the Ryazan Medical Institute,
Dinara Uzbekova, dealt with the history of the Kravkov family, from
an article in the Ryazan newspaper “Priokskaya” dated May 27, 1994,
you can learn about the circumstances of Kravkov’s death: which
Sergei Nikolayevich, his mother and sister were registered. In
the column “Departure” I saw a terrible record: in February 1942,
all three Kravkovs died of hunger and cold”.
(photo by EA Gusev)
From the besieged memory book, we managed to find out that
Kravkov was buried at the Serafimov cemetery. The
grave is not preserved.
An island in
the Mon island group
of the Nordensheld archipelago in the Kara Sea. Apparently,
it was discovered in 1893 by the expedition of F.
approximately mapped on a map without a name. Named
in 1933 V.I.
who determined his exact position.