Kremer Oskar Karlovich
admiral, member of the Sevastopol defense
Born in Finland. He
was educated in the Alexander and the Naval Cadet Corps. In
1844 he was released into midshipmen, in 1846 he received the first
Until 1853, Kremer sailed in the Baltic Sea, then was transferred
to the 9th naval crew in the Black Sea Fleet. For
participation in the frigate "Mesemvriya" in the capture of the
fortification of St. Nicholas occupied by the Turks on the Caucasian
coast, he was awarded the highest favor.
In 1854 - 1856 Kremer
was in the garrison of Sevastopol, first on bastion No. 3, and then
as commandant of the Volyn redoubt. On
the 3rd bastion, when the powder cellar exploded, he was wounded in
the chest and back, and on the Volyn Redoubt he was wounded by
shrapnel in his legs. For
extinguishing with danger to the life of the fire in the powder
magazine on May 11, 1855 he was awarded the Order of St.
George 4 degrees; in
addition, for the Sevastopol defense, he was awarded the Order of St.
Vladimir, 4 degrees with a bow and St.
Anna, 3 degrees with a bow.
At the end of the Crimean War, Kremer served in the 5th naval
crew on the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, where he commanded many
On the Varyag corvette, he went to Novaya Zemlya and to the
shores of Iceland; in 1863, he participated in the party headed by
Admiral S.S..Lesovsky expeditions
of the Russian fleet to the shores of North America ,
on the frigate Svetlana circled around the Cape of Good Hope, on the
frigates Oslyabya and Alexander Nevsky cruised in the Archipelago. On
returning to Kronstadt, the Alexander Nevsky crashed off the coast
of Jutland. The
court found Kremer guilty of losing the frigate, but this did not
affect his career. For
committing many maritime campaigns, he was awarded the Order of St.
Stanislav 2 degrees and St.
Anne 2 degrees with swords and the imperial crown.
An old cross on Kremer Island
(photo by IM Epihin
Arctic marine complex expedition, 1993)
Kremer held responsible military, administrative, public and
state posts. He
was aide-de-camp, flag-captain of His Majesty, was a member of the
Sovereign Suite, worked in the Marine Ministry, for a long time
headed the Main Naval Headquarters, in 1896 became a member of the
State Council, from 1898 to 1903. He
was chairman of the General Directorate of the Russian Red Cross
chaired relief committees for earthquake victims in Shemakha and
June 1901, he initiated the preparation of a law on pensions to
sisters of mercy.
Kremer combined his service in the admiral ranks with sailing. He
was the flag captain of His Majesty on the royal yachts, in 1879 he
commanded a detachment of ships off the coast of Greece, and in 1896
a practical squadron of the Black Sea.
He died at the Pekalla-Villeula estate in Finland, and was buried
in Helsingfors (Hiataniemi
Semetery, Helsinki, Finland).
The island off
the northeastern coast of the Gribovaya Bay in the west of the
southern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named
in 1889, by officers of the schooner "Bakan".