Krylov Alexey Nikolaevich
outstanding Russian scientist, shipbuilder, academician, Hero
of Socialist Labor.
Born in the village of Visyaga, Alatyrsky district, Simbirsk
province (now the village of Krylovo, Poretsky district, Chuvashia)
in the family of an artillery officer. His
father was educated at public expense, as the son of a veteran
wounded at Borodino.
In 1878 Krylov entered the Marine School, which he graduated
with honors in 1884 and began work in the compass workshop of the
Hydrographic Department under the leadership of I.P. Kolong,
where he investigated the deviation of magnetic compasses. The
theory of magnetic and gyrocompass went through his whole life. Much
later, in 1938-1940. He
published a number of papers in which he gave a full account of the
theory of magnetic compass deviation, investigated the theory of
gyroscopic compasses, and developed a theory of the influence of
ship’s rolling on compass readings. In
1941, these studies were awarded the Stalin
In 1887, Krylov moved to the Franco-Russian factory, and then
continued his studies at the shipbuilding department of the Maritime
Academy.After completing the course in 1890, he stayed at the
academy, where he conducted practical classes in mathematics, and
later gave a course in the theory of the ship.
In the 1890s, Krylov's Theory of Ship Rocking, for
which in 1898 he, the first of foreigners, was awarded the gold
medal of the British Society of Ship Engineers, gained world renown.
The plaque on the building of the Marine Corps of
Peter the Great. Petersburg,
embankment Lieutenant Schmidt, 17
Krylov with his daughter Anna, who later became the wife of
academician P.L. Kapitsa,
actively collaborated with S.O. Makarov,
working on the problem of the buoyancy of the ship. The
results of this work soon became classical and are still widely used
in the world. Many
years later, Krylov wrote about Makarov's early ideas on combating
the heel or trim of a damaged ship by flooding intact compartments. It
seemed to sea officials a lot of rubbish, and it took 35 years to
convince them of the correctness and great practical significance of
the ideas of the 22-year-old Makarov.
Krylov was a talented fleet consultant. He
himself noted that his advice saved the government more than the
cost of the most modern dreadnought. He
was always famous for his sharp tongue, and his apt responses to the
government and the Duma became legends.
In 1916 Krylov headed the Main Physical Observatory and the Main
Military Meteorological Department. In
1917 he was appointed director of the Physics Laboratory of the
Academy of Sciences, later the head of the Maritime Academy.
After the revolution, Krylov handed over all the ships to the
Soviet government and continued to work on the development of the
1921 he was sent to London as a government representative for the
restoration of foreign scientific relations of the country. In
1927, he returned to the Soviet Union.
Krylov is famous for his work on hydrodynamics, including the
theory of ship movement in shallow water, he has written about 300
books and articles that cover a wide range of human knowledge,
including shipbuilding, magnetism, artillery, mathematics, astronomy
and geodesy. Its
famous flood tables are widely used.
The activity of Krylov in the pre-revolutionary period was marked
by the Orders of St. Anna of 1 and 2 degrees,
St. Stanislav of 1 , 2 and 3 degrees,
St. Vladimir of 2 , 3 and
He died in Leningrad, was buried in Volkov's
Literary gangways of the Volkov cemetery near
and D.I. Mendeleev. Stele
with a bas-relief portrait.
the peninsula of De Kolong on the shore of Khariton Laptev. Described
and mapped by
N.N. Kolomeitsev in
1900. Named by