Krivoshein Alexander Vasilyevich 

Outstanding Russian statesman, chamberlain, Secretary of State. Contemporaries put it immediately after such major figures of Russian and world history as S.Yu. Witte and P.A. Stolypin. His name is well known to specialists, included in the encyclopedia and special monographs, but in the Soviet historical literature intended for a wide circle of readers, it was completely silent for the reason that immediately after the revolution Krivoshein began an active struggle against Soviet power. 
Born in Warsaw, where his father did military service, his mother came from the impoverished Polish noble family of Yashinsky. The father, who left serfs, rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel, giving the right only to personal nobility. 
After graduating from high school and law faculty of St. Petersburg University, Krivoshein entered as a legal adviser on one of the railways of the famous industrialist and philanthropist Savva Mamontov, through whom he became acquainted with the Morozovs, Ryabushinskys, many representatives of the merchants, artists and writers. Work in a private company was paid very well, but Krivoshein linked his future with the public service. Only there could his ambitious plans be realized. The highest professional qualities of Krivoshein, supported by rare perseverance and dedication, the ability to understand people and to establish contacts with them were noted by all who had to deal with him. And he knew his own worth. 
In 1884, having lost material incentives, Krivoshein began serving in Moscow in the archives of the Ministry of Justice. Soon a talented young man was introduced to the all-powerful Interior Minister, Count D.A. Tolstoy and made a very favorable impression on him, the result of which was the appointment to the post of commissioner for peasant affairs in Poland. However, the death of Tolstoy forced Krivoshein to return to St. Petersburg and start virtually from scratch as clerk of the Zemsky Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Due to his energy and performance, he was noticed and promoted to the post of head. Fulfilling this position, Krivoshein, on his own initiative, took part in the work of the Siberian Railway Committee, which was headed by Tsar Nikolay’s heir. After his accession to the throne before Krivoshein opened wide opportunities. He went through all the steps of the service ladder, but thanks to his abilities, the passage times were significantly less than the established ones. By 1904, he became head of the Migration Board. This post was equal to the post of director of the department and was the last step to the post of comrade (deputy) minister. 
In 1905, Krivoshein was appointed Comrade Minister of Land Management and Agriculture, in 1906 he was introduced to the State Council and was granted a commanding uniform (corresponded to the rank of 3rd class, secret adviser or lieutenant general). In the same year, he became a friend of the Minister of Finance, and from 1908, the chief superintendent of land management and agriculture. The king and, no less important, the queen treated him with great confidence, which was connected, according to contemporaries, with Krivoshein's personal qualities: great intelligence, outstanding diplomatic abilities, ability to subordinate the right people to their influence, political intuition. Under Krivoshein, land reform was able to be extended to the Asian part of Russia, preferential conditions were created for immigrants, he did a lot for the development of agronomy and agriculture. Krivoshein was an active supporter and closest associate of Stolypin in the conduct of agrarian reform. After Stolypin's death, he worked for four more years as chief commander, continuing to lead the implementation of the reform, from 1913 to 1915 he was de facto prime minister. The inconsistency and indecision of the king, his throwing from one decision to another brought to naught the actions of Krivoshein and his supporters. 
After a personal audience with the king, he was forced to resign.

The merits of Krivoshein were awarded the orders of St. Stanislav 1 , 2 and 3 degrees, St. Anna of 1 degree, St. Vladimir of 2 degrees, White Eagle, St. Alexander Nevsky.


St. Constantine and Helena Church at Tegel Cemetery


After the revolution, Krivoshein lived in Moscow for some time, and then, miraculously avoiding arrest, he moved to Kiev. For some time in Ekaterinodar and Rostov he headed the political group “State Association”, and dealt with food issues in the Denikin army. 
In 1920, Krivoshein, who emigrated to Paris, made another attempt to assist Russia by accepting the proposal of General PN. Wrangel to lead his government. But the days of the white movement were numbered. November 11, 1920 Krivoshein in the English admiral cruiser "Centaur" left Sevastopol. He had to live a year, which was rather a slow dying. Broken by all that had happened, having lost two sons in the Volunteer Army, he died at the Mommsen Sanatorium in Berlin. He was buried in the Tegel Cemetery, District Reinickendorf, Berlin. 
Bay and glacier on the west coast of the northern island of New Earth. Named in 1910 by the expedition of V.A. 
Rusanov on the ship "Dmitry Solunsky".


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