Kropotkin Peter Alekseevich 
(27.11(09.12).1842–08.02.1921)


Russian scientist and revolutionary, theorist of anarchism. 
Born in Moscow, came from the ancient family of Rurikovich. 
After the First Moscow Gymnasium, Kropotkin graduated from the Corps of Pages in 1862, was promoted to officer, served in Siberia for several years, participated in expeditions in Eastern Siberia, in Manchuria, and was intensively engaged in scientific work. With his participation, Patom and Vitim Highlands, several ridges were discovered. Being radical, Kropotkin after the uprising of the exiled Poles on the Circum-Baikal Road, fearing that he would be sent to suppress the rebels, resigned and returned to St. Petersburg, where he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of St. Petersburg University. In 1868, he became a member of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. 
Combining serious scientific work with an active revolutionary activity, Kropotkin joined the so-called Jurassic Federation of the International, the leader of which was M. Bakunin. 
In 1874, Kropotkin was arrested and imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress. In 1876 he managed to escape. He left Russia and lived in emigration for more than 40 years, becoming one of the organizers and theorists of the international anarchist movement, spent three years in a French prison. In the emigration, Kropotkin wrote his main historical and political works: “Speeches of a Rebel,” “Bread and Freedom”, “Modern Science and Anarchy”, “Notes of a Revolutionary”, “The Great French Revolution. 1789–1793 ”and others. 
Returning to Russia in June 1917, Kropotkin in a number of public speeches supported the revolution, met with Lenin.

 

Memorial plaque Kropotkin. Petersburg, Kropotkina street, 5


No less famous was the scientific activity of Kropotkin. He prepared several scientific papers, which subsequently brought him worldwide recognition. The IRGO awarded Kropotkin a gold medal, and in 1870 chose the secretary of the Department of Physical Geography. 
He died in Dmitrov near Moscow, buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

Glacier at the top of Vlasyev Bay on the eastern coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named in 1913 by members of the expedition G.Ya. Sedov V.Yu. Wize and M.A. Pavlov. 
Glacier in the southwest of the Bolshevik Island. Named in the 1950s by arctic geologists. 

Glacial dome on the island of Alexandra Land archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named in 1953 by arctic geologists. 
Mountain on  
West Svalbard Island.

 

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