sailor, polar explorer.
Born in Branbridge. As
a volunteer I went to the navy. He
served in the Pacific, on the Cape of Good Hope and other places. In
1812 he received the title of midshipman.
Crozier participated in all three Arctic voyages of W.
Parry: in 1821 on the Fury, 1824 and 1827 on the Hekle. In
the last voyage he already had the rank of lieutenant.
After several years of service in the English waters, Crozier was
assigned to search for the missing whalers in the Devis Strait and
the Baffin Sea. Upon
his return, he was awarded the rank of captain 3 rank.
Francis Crozier House in Branbridge
From May 1839, Crozier commanded the famous ship "Terror" on the James
Expedition, which lasted until 1843.
In 1845, England organized a grand Arctic expedition aimed at
finding the Northwest Passage. The
perfectly successful ships of the Antarctic expedition Ross "Terror"
and "Erebus" were given to her, the leadership of the then-elderly J.
Franklin, who was already young, achieved leadership. The
expedition was well equipped, it included experienced sailors, but
most of them did not have polar experience. However,
with such famous polar explorers as Franklin and Crozier at the
head, she could well count on the success that everyone without
exception expected of her. However,
the matter, as is known, ended in an unprecedented tragedy for the
129 expedition members remained in the Arctic.
The last time they were seen by whalers on July 26, 1845 in the
Baffin Sea. 1846
passed, 1847 followed, and no news came from the expedition. The
first concern at the end of 1846 was shown by the famous John Ross,
but the Admiralty considered him premature and unreasonable. It
was only in 1848 that the first search expedition was sent under the
leadership of James Ross, after which the search and rescue
expeditions followed one after the other. For
the next few decades, any English, and not only, Arctic expedition
had as its main task the search for Franklin ships. As
they say, every cloud has a silver lining: The Canadian Arctic
archipelago and the surrounding regions have been thoroughly
whole galaxy, first of all, English polar explorers became world
famous thanks to the Franklin expeditions.
In 1850, the first information arrived. Expedition G.
Austin, together with
the expedition E.
traces of missing at the entrance to the Wellington
on the small island
of Beachy. It
became clear that Franklin spent the wintering here in 1845 - 1846. Everything
was still fine. The
search continued, and as a result of the efforts of hundreds of
people, among whom, first of all, F.
McClintock, W. Hobson, J.
Hall, F. Schwatk and others should be noted, it was possible to
collect information about the expedition its horrible tragic end.
After wintering at the entrance to the Wellington Strait, the
Terror and Erebus went south through the Peel Strait to King
William Island, at the northwestern tip of which they got up for
the second wintering. On
the northwestern tip of this island,
in 1859, a member of the McClintock expedition, Lieutenant Hobson,
found a written message left by the Franklinites, dated May 26,
1847, and signed by Lieutenant Gori.
King William Island
By the time the message was written on the expedition, everything
was in order, and Lieutenant Gori and his party were sent with some
in the fields of Gori's message, another entry was made in another
handwriting, dated April 25, 1848: "The ships of Her Majesty's "Terror"and "Erebus"were abandoned on April 22, 5 miles
north-north-west from this place where they were icebound since
September 12, 1846. The
officers and crew, totaling 105 souls, under the command of captain
F. R. M. Crozier landed here at 69° 37'42"N and
98° 41'E. Sir
J. Franklin died on June 11, 1847, and in total died the expedition
has so far 9 officers and 15 team members”.
F.R.M. Crozier, captain and art. Officer
James Fitzjems, Captain Erebus.
Below was a postscript: "And we will go tomorrow, 26, to the Fish
Thus, for the 11 months separating the two letters, tragic
changes occurred on the expedition. Judging
by the latest record, the surviving sailors moved south, and all
were killed at different stages of this campaign of death.
However, the ensuing in 1868–1869. the
search for C. Hall suggested
that the situation was not quite so. Eskimos
William Island was told about a meeting in 1848 with a
detachment of white people headed by a man whom they called Agluka. According
to the description of the Eskimos, it was most likely Crozier. “Agluka
persistently tried to talk with the Innuits, but could only say very
few words ... His
message about the ship crushed by the ice, and dying people was
fully understood only later ... He said that he was going to
Ivillik, i.e. to Repulse
Bay, pointing in that direction .... The
Inuit left Crozier and his squad, although they knew they were
leaving the hungry people”.
Thus, Crozier did not go to the Great Fish River, as was said in
his note, found in 1859 by Lieutenant Hobson, but to the east.
McClintock suggested, supported by many, that Franklin and his
companions were the first to discover the Northwest Passage.
Residents of his native city Crozier in his honor erected a
The island (Crozir)
east of the island of Bathurst in the Canadian Arctic archipelago.
in the Kennedy Strait between Ellesmere Island and Greenland.
Island (Krozher) north
of Ellesmere Island in the Lincoln Sea.
Krozher) in the north-west of King William Island in the Canadian
Arctic Archipelago. Named
in 1859 by F. McClintock.
of the Melville Peninsula in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
in the north of the Banks Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Cape ( Crozierpynten) in
the northeast of the Ny-Friesland peninsula, West Svalbard islands. The
coordinates are 79°
50'N 16° 30'E.
between the islands of Prince-Patrick and Eglinton in the Canadian
Arctic Archipelago. Opened
in 1853 by Lieutenant J. Swords from the expedition of G.
The Strait (Crozher)
between the islands of Bathurst and Little Cornwallis Island in the
Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
on the southwest coast of Prince-Wales Island in the Canadian Arctic