Kuindzhi Arkhip Ivanovich
outstanding Russian artist, master of landscape painting.
Born in Mariupol in the family of a poor Greek shoemaker. Having
lost his parents early, the boy realized his childhood full of
hardships, earning his daily bread by constant hard work. He
managed to learn from the Greek teacher literacy, for some time he
attended the city school.
From an early age Kuindzhi showed love and ability to painting,
he painted on any suitable material: walls, fences, scraps of paper,
worked as a photographer’s retoucher, tried to open his own studio,
but without success. At
one time he was in the disciples of Aivazovsky, however, he never
allowed him to the canvas, trusting only to push paints.
After Kuindzhi went to St. Petersburg, where he managed to create
the first large canvas “Tatar Saklya in Crimea”, which he exhibited
at the academic exhibition in 1868.
On the third attempt Kuindzhi became a volunteer at the academy. Gradually,
he managed to achieve well-deserved recognition. In
1872, for the painting “Autumn
Thaw”, he received the title of a class artist, he created in
1873 the painting “Snow” a year later was awarded a bronze medal at
an international exhibition in London. Then
his outstanding creations “On
the Island of Valaam”, “Lake
Ladoga”, “The "Forgotten
Village”, “The Steppe”,
Mariupol”and of course the famous “Ukrainian
In 1877, Kuindzhi became a member of the Association of the
Wanderers, and a year later he set out "Forest"
in Little Russia", which aroused a lot of controversy and
created many imitators. Coming
out of the Association of the Wanderers in 1879, he began to exhibit
his paintings in a "solo mode. His
Night on the Dnieper”, “Birch
Grove”, and “Dnepr
Morning” had great success.
Memorial plaque. Petersburg,
Birzhevaya line, house 18
After 1882 and until the death of Kuindzhi, he never exhibited
his paintings anywhere else. From
1894 to 1897 He
was a professor-leader of the Higher Art School at the Academy of
In the last years of his life,
Kuindzhi often acted as a patron of
the arts, donating large sums to the Academy of Arts, to the society
promoting arts. These
funds were used to pay premiums on landscape painting. A
year before his death, he donated 100,000 rubles and his own estate
to the Art Society of his own.
He died in St. Petersburg and was buried in the Smolensk Orthodox
1952, the tombstone and dust were transferred to the Necropolis
of Artists (Formerly Tikhvin Cemetery) of the Alexander Nevsky
the southern coast of Chekina Bay on the Kara coast of the northern
island of Novaya Zemlya. The
name was given in 1901-1902. Novaya
Zemlya expedition of artist A.A. Borisov.