Kuindzhi Arkhip Ivanovich 
(15(27).01.1841-11(24).07.1910)


An outstanding Russian artist, master of landscape painting. 
Born in Mariupol in the family of a poor Greek shoemaker. Having lost his parents early, the boy realized his childhood full of hardships, earning his daily bread by constant hard work. He managed to learn from the Greek teacher literacy, for some time he attended the city school. 
From an early age Kuindzhi showed love and ability to painting, he painted on any suitable material: walls, fences, scraps of paper, worked as a photographer’s retoucher, tried to open his own studio, but without success. At one time he was in the disciples of Aivazovsky, however, he never allowed him to the canvas, trusting only to push paints. 
After Kuindzhi went to St. Petersburg, where he managed to create the first large canvas “Tatar Saklya in Crimea”, which he exhibited at the academic exhibition in 1868. 
On the third attempt Kuindzhi became a volunteer at the academy. Gradually, he managed to achieve well-deserved recognition. In 1872, for the painting “Autumn Thaw”, he received the title of a class artist, he created in 1873 the painting “Snow” a year later was awarded a bronze medal at an international exhibition in London. Then his outstanding creations “On the Island of Valaam”, “Lake Ladoga”, “The "Forgotten Village ”, “The Steppe”, “The "Chumatsky Trail in Mariupol”and of course the famous “Ukrainian Night”. 
In 1877, Kuindzhi became a member of the Association of the Wanderers, and a year later he set out "Forest" and "Evening in Little Russia", which aroused a lot of controversy and created many imitators. Coming out of the Association of the Wanderers in 1879, he began to exhibit his paintings in a "solo mode. 
His canvases “Moonlit Night on the Dnieper”, “Birch Grove”, and “Dnepr Morning” had great success.

 

Memorial plaque. Petersburg, Birzhevaya line 18


After 1882 and until the death of Kuindzhi, he never exhibited his paintings anywhere else. From 1894 to 1897 He was a professor-leader of the Higher Art School at the Academy of Fine Arts. 
In the last years of his life, Kuinji often acted as a patron of the arts, donating large sums to the Academy of Arts, to the society promoting arts. These funds were used to pay premiums on landscape painting. A year before his death, he donated 100,000 rubles and his own estate to the Art Society of his own. 
He died in St. Petersburg and was buried in the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery. In 1952, the tombstone and dust were transferred to the Necropolis of Artists (Formerly Tikhvin Cemetery) of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. 
Cape on the southern coast of Chekina Bay on the Kara coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. The name was given in 1901-1902. Novaya Zemlya expedition of artist A.A. Borisov.

 

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