Lakoba Nestor Apollonovich
Soviet state and party leader, the actual leader of Abkhazia in
the 1920s – 1930s.
Born in the village of Lykhny in a poor peasant family.
In 1911 he was expelled from the Tbilisi Theological Seminary for
In 1912, Lakoba became a communist, led party work in Adjara,
Abkhazia, then in the North Caucasus.
In May 1917 he was elected a delegate to the 1st Caucasian
Regional Congress of Soviets.
In 1918, Lakoba was one of the leaders of the uprising against
the Georgian Menshevik government, the deputy chairman of the
Sukhumi military revolutionary committee, and the organizer of the
At the end of 1918 by the Menshevik government he was imprisoned
in Sukhumi, in the spring of 1919 he was expelled from Georgia.
In 1920, on behalf of the Caucasian Bureau of the Central
Committee of the
Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), Lakoba led an illegal Bolshevik
organization in Batumi, was authorized by the Kuban-Black Sea
Revolutionary Committee for Highlanders.
After the end of the Civil War, Lakoba held a number of
responsible posts: Deputy Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of
Abkhazia, People's Commissar of the Naval Forces of Abkhazia,
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Abkhaz ASSR,
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Abkhaz ASSR, member of the Central
Executive Committee of the Georgian SSR and others, elected delegate
XIII, XV – XVII Congress of the All-Union Communist Party
(Bolsheviks), was awarded the
Order of Lenin
Suddenly died, according to some sources, was poisoned by the
personal order of L.P.
He was buried in a solemn ceremony in Sukhumi, later he was
posthumously declared “the enemy of the people”.
Rehabilitated in the late 1950s.
Bay in the Nordensheld archipelago
in the Kara Sea.
Surveyed and named in 1936.
It was renamed Glubokaya Bay.
In 1979, by the decision of the Krasnoyarsk Krai Executive
Committee, the original name was restored.