Legzdin Yakov-Wilhelm Petrovich 
(25.09(07.10).1893–01.04.1954)


Arctic ice captain, honorary polar explorer. 
Born in the town of Boulder, Riga County, Livonia Province. After graduating from 5 classes entered the Magnusgofskoe Navigational School of long voyage. In his free time sailed sailor on sailing and steam vessels. After graduating from college in 1914 Legzdin was called up for military service in the Baltic Fleet. In 1915 he passed the exam for an ensign and, before the revolution, served as commander of minelayers. In this position he continued his service after the revolution, in 1919 joined the
All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). In 1921 after demobilization, he left for the eight months in the village, lost, as he wrote, the link with the party and automatically left it. Fortunately, this fact later did not affect his work and life. 
In 1922 Legzdin entered the Leningrad port, worked as an assistant captain and captain on icebreakers. In 1928, as assistant captain and navigator, Legzdin took part in the historic cruise of the Krasin icebreaker to rescue U. Nobile's expedition, and in 1933 he already commanded the Krasin, which made an outstanding winter hike to the northern tip of Novaya Zemlya to assist industrial winter quarters. During this flight, Legzdin and the head of the expedition M.I. 
Shevelev among the first among merchant seamen and polar explorers were awarded the Order of Lenin.

 

Navigator Legzdin on the "Krasin". 1928


In 1934 he moved to Sovmorflot as a sea captain, in 1936 he was transferred to Glavsevmorput, participated in many Arctic expeditions. From 1937 he commanded the icebreaker “V. Molotov". In 1941 commanding this icebreaker in the Gulf of Finland, he was contused. 
In 1942 Legzdin was transferred to Arkhangelsk to work in the north. During 1943–1945 he commanded the icebreaker "Yakutia" and the hydrographic vessel "Papanin" in Tiksi. It was Legzdin who organized a navigation camera on the Tiksin hydro base, thanks to which a high-performance survey on a radionavigation basis became possible. He himself served magnetic compasses on ships entering Tiksi. 
After the end of the war, the main field of activity of Legzdin was the work of a magnetologist-deviator in the State Investigation Department. He regularly went on business trips to various vessels to determine and destroy the deviation. 
Legzdin was repeatedly awarded government and departmental awards. In addition to the Order of Lenin, received in 1933, he was also awarded the Order of the Red Star and the Badge of Honor. 
He died in Leningrad and was buried in the Theological Cemetery. The grave, which is listed on the site 20, row 24, place 17, unfortunately, could not be found. 
Cape in the west of the island Georg Land Archipelago Franz Josef Land. The name was approved by the Arkhangelsk Regional Executive Committee in July 1956 (Decision No. 271). 
The bay on the west coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya to the south of the Gulf Stream islands. In 1933 called by the Novaya Zemlya Geological Expedition of the All-Union Arctic Institute under the leadership of I.F. Pustovalov.

 

Sakharov Cape - the northwest entrance of Legzdin Bay

(photo by EA Korago)

Legzdin Bay

(photo by EA Korago)

 

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