Lesovsky Stepan Stepanovich 
(1817–26.02.1884)


Russian naval commander, admiral. 
Born in France in the city of Retet, where he served in the Russian occupation forces his father, the commander of the Kinburn Dragoon Regiment.Occurred from the nobility, was a distant descendant of Peter I's associate, P.P. Shafirov. 
The future admiral was born an extremely weak child, to whom doctors predicted early blindness and death, but thanks to the Russian doctor Marcus, he was able to improve his health.

Initial education Lesovsky received at home, and then enrolled in the Naval Cadet Corps, which he graduated in 1835 with the production of midshipmen. In 1839  after graduating from the officer classes at the corps, he was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet under the command of Admiral M.P. Lazarev and in the same year made several voyages on the Black Sea vessels. Then he participated in cruising off the coast of the Caucasus and, under the command of Istomin, sailed in the Mediterranean, commanded the brig Yazon, and then the frigate Kulevchi, with which he participated in tracking the Turkish fleet. 
In 1853  on the frigate "Diana" he was sent to the Pacific Ocean to reinforce the squadron of Vice Admiral Putyatin. The transition was very successful, despite the fact that we had to go past the then hostile Russian French and English ports. The following year, "Diana" died as a result of the earthquake and tsunami at Shimoda raid, and Lesovsky went on a merchant schooner to Kamchatka to reinforce the Petropavlovsk garrison with his team. However, the port at this point was already abandoned by the troops, and Lesovsky headed for Nikolayevsk on the Amur River, where his organizational skills showed up. Soon, he was appointed head of the batteries built here and the commander of a consolidated crew made up of the Pallada, Diana and Aurora frigates. In 1857  Lesovsky returned by land through Siberia to Petersburg and, having served for some time in the shipping and commerce society that had arisen then, by personal election of Admiral General Grand Prince Konstantin Nikolayevich, he was appointed captain over the port of Kronstadt. In this position, he had to work a lot on manning, arming and supplying numerous vessels, which at that time went to a number of foreign voyages. 
In 1862  in order to ascertain the merits of armored vessels of the “Monitor” type, Lesovsky was sent to North America. The result of the trip was the construction of about a dozen of this kind of ships for the Baltic Fleet by the Navy. 
In 1863  Lesovsky, who was promoted to rear admirals, was entrusted with the execution of a mission of great state importance - he headed a squadron of six warships (three frigates Oslyabya, Alexander Nevsky and Peresvet, two corvettes "Varyag" and "Vityaz" and clipper "Almaz"), which at various times left St. Petersburg to the shores of the United States and merged in New York. Demonstrating Russia's sympathy for the Lincoln government as opposed to England’s hostile Lincoln policy of promoting the slaveholding South, the ships sailed from the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean not around the English Channel, but around the northern tip of Britain. The unexpected appearance of the Russian squadron off the coast of America made a strong impression in Western Europe, prevented the intervention of England and France in the civil war of the North and South and served to strengthen our friendship with North America. Lesovsky was given a solemn reception. For the fulfillment of this mission with extraordinary success, Lesovsky received the Highest approval and was enlisted in the Sovereign's retinue. The significance of this mission for Russia by Lesovsky is indicated by such a fact. When they buried him, someone asked: “What is he famous for, this Lesovsky? What battle did you win? .. “He won the war. - was the answer.“And I won it without a single shot, without spilling a single drop of Russian blood!” 
In 1864  Lesovsky became the Commander-in-Chief of the Port of Kronstadt and at first acting Acting Military Governor, and then Military Governor of Kronstadt. In this post, he, in addition to all sorts of improvements in the marine part, did a lot for the city economy. So, with him in the city appeared plumbing, gas lighting, implemented a number of other measures for the improvement of the city.

 

The captains of the expedition of the Russian fleet to the shores of North America. From left to right: P.A. Green (“Almaz” clipper), I.I. Butakov (frigate Oslyabya), M.Ya.Fedorovsky (frigate "Alexander Nevsky"), Admiral S.S. Lesovsky (squadron commander), N.V. Kopytov (Peresvet frigate), О.К. Kremer, (Corvette "Vityaz"), R.A. Lund (Corvette "Varyag").


In 1869  Lesovsky was promoted to Adjutant General, and two years later he was appointed Assistant Manager of the Ministry of the Navy, and after the death of the Minister of the Ministry Admiral Krabbe took his place. 
In 1880  in connection with the aggravation of relations between Russia and China, Lesovsky was appointed to the post of chief of the Pacific squadron, then standing on the Chinese coast, with simultaneous admission to the members of the State Military Council. 
Upon returning from the Far East, he was promoted to full admiral and took up the difficult task entrusted to him for revising and processing the naval charter. However, frustrated health interrupted his occupation. In February 1884 he retired, and a month later he died in St. Petersburg.
 He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery, a marble sarcophagus with an anchor and chains. 
He was awarded the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky, St. Anna 1, 2 and 3 degrees, St. Vladimir 1 , 2 and 3 degrees, the White Eagle. 

Cape, western entrance to Providence Bay of Anadyr Bay in the north of the Bering Sea. In 1881  named by officers of the rider "Horseman".

 

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