Lesovsky Stepan Stepanovich
naval commander, admiral.
Born in France in the city of Retet, where he served in the
Russian occupation forces his father, the commander of the Kinburn
Dragoon Regiment.Occurred from the nobility, was a distant
descendant of Peter I's associate, P.P. Shafirov.
The future admiral was born an extremely weak
child, to whom doctors predicted early blindness and death, but
thanks to the Russian doctor Marcus, he was able to improve his
Initial education Lesovsky received at home, and then enrolled in
the Naval Cadet Corps, which he graduated in 1835 with the
production of midshipmen. In
1839 after graduating from the officer classes at the corps, he was
assigned to the Black Sea Fleet under the command of Admiral M.P. Lazarev
and in the same year made several voyages on the Black Sea vessels. Then
he participated in cruising off the coast of the Caucasus and, under
the command of Istomin, sailed in the Mediterranean, commanded the
brig Yazon, and then the frigate Kulevchi, with which he
participated in tracking the Turkish fleet.
In 1853 on the frigate "Diana" he was sent to the Pacific Ocean
to reinforce the squadron of Vice Admiral Putyatin. The
transition was very successful, despite the fact that we had to go
past the then hostile Russian French and English ports. The
following year, "Diana" died as a result of the earthquake and
tsunami at Shimoda raid, and Lesovsky went on a merchant schooner to
Kamchatka to reinforce the Petropavlovsk garrison with his team. However,
the port at this point was already abandoned by the troops, and
Lesovsky headed for Nikolayevsk on the Amur River, where his
organizational skills showed up. Soon,
he was appointed head of the batteries built here and the commander
of a consolidated crew made up of the Pallada, Diana and Aurora
1857 Lesovsky returned by land through Siberia to Petersburg and,
having served for some time in the shipping and commerce society
that had arisen then, by personal election of Admiral General Grand
Prince Konstantin Nikolayevich, he was appointed captain over the
port of Kronstadt. In
this position, he had to work a lot on manning, arming and supplying
numerous vessels, which at that time went to a number of foreign
In 1862 in order to ascertain the merits of armored vessels of
the “Monitor” type, Lesovsky was sent to North America. The
result of the trip was the construction of about a dozen of this
kind of ships for the Baltic Fleet by the Navy.
In 1863 Lesovsky, who was promoted to rear admirals, was
entrusted with the execution of a mission of great state importance
- he headed a squadron of six warships (three frigates Oslyabya,
Alexander Nevsky and Peresvet, two corvettes "Varyag" and "Vityaz"
and clipper "Almaz"), which at various times left St. Petersburg to
the shores of the United States and merged in New York. Demonstrating
Russia's sympathy for the Lincoln government as opposed to England’s
hostile Lincoln policy of promoting the slaveholding South, the
ships sailed from the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean not around the
English Channel, but around the northern tip of Britain. The
unexpected appearance of the Russian squadron off the coast of
America made a strong impression in Western Europe, prevented the
intervention of England and France in the civil war of the North and
South and served to strengthen our friendship with North America. Lesovsky
was given a solemn reception. For
the fulfillment of this mission with extraordinary success, Lesovsky
received the Highest approval and was enlisted in the Sovereign's
significance of this mission for Russia by Lesovsky is indicated by
such a fact. When
they buried him, someone asked: “What is he famous for, this
battle did you win? .. “He won the war. -
was the answer.“And I won it without a single shot, without spilling
a single drop of Russian blood!”
In 1864 Lesovsky became the Commander-in-Chief of the Port of
Kronstadt and at first acting Acting Military Governor, and then
Military Governor of Kronstadt. In
this post, he, in addition to all sorts of improvements in the
marine part, did a lot for the city economy. So,
with him in the city appeared plumbing, gas lighting, implemented a
number of other measures for the improvement of the city.
The captains of the expedition of the Russian fleet
to the shores of North America. From
left to right: P.A. Green
(“Almaz” clipper), I.I. Butakov
(frigate Oslyabya), M.Ya.Fedorovsky (frigate "Alexander
Nevsky"), Admiral S.S. Lesovsky
(squadron commander), N.V. Kopytov
(Peresvet frigate), О.К. Kremer, (Corvette
"Vityaz"), R.A. Lund (Corvette "Varyag").
In 1869 Lesovsky was promoted to Adjutant General, and two years
later he was appointed Assistant Manager of the Ministry of the
Navy, and after the death of the Minister of the Ministry Admiral
Krabbe took his place.
In 1880 in connection with the aggravation of relations between
Russia and China, Lesovsky was appointed to the post of chief of the
Pacific squadron, then standing on the Chinese coast, with
simultaneous admission to the members of the State Military Council.
Upon returning from the Far East, he was promoted to full admiral
and took up the difficult task entrusted to him for revising and
processing the naval charter. However,
frustrated health interrupted his occupation. In
February 1884 he retired, and a month later he died in St.
was buried at the Novodevichy
cemetery, a marble sarcophagus with an anchor and chains.
He was awarded the Order of St.
Alexander Nevsky, St.
Anna 1, 2 and 3 degrees, St. Vladimir 1 , 2 and 3 degrees,
Cape, western entrance to
Providence Bay of Anadyr Bay in the north of the Bering Sea.
In 1881 named by
the rider "Horseman".