Linnae ( Linnaeus, Linne ) Karl

(23.05.1707 - 10.01.1778)


Swedish naturalist (botanist, zoologist, mineralogist) and physician. He studied at Lund, then Uppsala University. In 1732 alone he made a scientific journey to Lapland, having covered more than 2,000 km in five months. For several years he lived in Holland, defended his doctoral dissertation and published botanical works, which in a short time made him famous throughout the world. From 1741 to the end of his life, he was a professor at Uppsala University.

Linnaeus is the creator of a unified system of classification of the plant and animal world, in which the knowledge of the entire previous period of the development of biological science was generalized and largely ordered. Among the main merits of Linnaeus are the introduction of precise terminology in the description of biological objects, the introduction of binomial (binary) nomenclature into active use, the establishment of clear coordination between systematic (taxonomic) categories. Another achievement of Linnaeus was the selection of a species as an initial category in systematics, as well as the definition of criteria for classifying natural objects to one species. Linnaeus is the author of the Genital Plant Classification System, which was actively used in the 18th and 19th centuries. In Sweden, Linnea is also valued as one of the creators of the literary Swedish language in its modern form.Among the organizational achievements of Linnaeus - participation in the creation of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, as well as great efforts to introduce the teaching of natural sciences in the university education system.

Born into the family of a poor rural priest, Linnaeh, during his lifetime, became famous both at home and in other countries, and was elected a member of many academies and scientific societies. In Sweden, he was awarded the Order of the Polar Star and raised to the nobility. Linneev societies were established in many countries, spreading his teaching. The “London Linneev Society” is still one of the world's largest scientific centers, and the basis of its collection is the richest collection of Linnaeus transported from Sweden to the UK. Since 1959, Linnae is considered a lectotype of the species Homo sapiens.

He died in Uppsala, buried in the Uppsala Cathedral.

Cape, mountain, valley, lake, river and glacier in the very west of the Land of Nordenskiöld, the island of Western Spitsbergen.


Return to the main page