Littrov Joseph Andreevich (Antonovich) (Joseph
Born in Bischof Teinitz (Bohemia).
In 1799–1803 He
studied at the Charles University in Prague. In
as a freelance astronomer at the Vienna Observatory, in 1807 he was
invited to the University of Krakow, where he headed the Department
of Astronomy and the Observatory for two years.
In 1809 Littrov moved to Russia. From
1810 he became a professor at Kazan University, where in 1814 a
small university observatory was built under his leadership. His
students were N.I. Lobachevsky
and I.M. Simonov. In
1813, Littrov was elected a corresponding member of the Russian
Academy of Sciences. In
1816 he returned to Austria, worked at the observatory in Ofen, from
1819 until the end of his life served as director of the Vienna
Littrov was one of the most versatile astronomers of the first
half of the XIX century. His
scientific work is devoted to astrometry and celestial mechanics.He
conducted systematic observations of large and small planets, comets
and meteors. He
wrote the course "Theoretical and practical astronomy", was an
outstanding popularizer of astronomy. His
essay The Secrets of Heaven (1834–1836), the best and most complete
popular exposition of astronomy for its time, was reprinted several
has been translated into Russian.
He died in Vienna.
the southeast of Gall Island in the archipelago of Franz-Josef Land. Named
in 1874, by Yu.
the island of Western Svalbard in the Straitunet Strait.