Captain of the American whaling barge "Nile".
In the summer of 1867 without meeting the ice, he reached the
Shelagsky Cape, from where he turned north, hoping to meet whales
and not thinking about geographical discoveries. Having
met the ice, the ship turned to the east, and soon not strange
clouds, not the mountains were noticed from the watch. From
the bridge, Long clearly saw the contours of a distant land. The
ice stopped the ship 18 miles from shore. With
clear sunny windless weather, Long managed to pinpoint his
whereabouts and calculate the coordinates of the southwestern tip of
the earth. The
vessel passed to its southeastern tip, but it was not possible to
determine how far it stretches to the north because of the ice. It
was the land discovered in 1849 by American captain G.
Kellett during the
search for the missing expedition of J.
Franklin and named
after him as one of the ships of the search expedition “Earth
believed that it is the southern tip of the great land, occupying
the central part of the Arctic. The
earth was located almost in the place where F.P.
predicted its existence. Honest
and noble Long, familiar with the works of Wrangel, in deference to
his four-year attempts to reach this land called it the "Wrangel Land".
He called the perceptible mountain in
the west of the island the mountain of Thomas in honor of the
sailor, who first noticed the land, and the extreme eastern tip of
the Hawaii Cape, apparently recalling the Hawaiian islands, from
where his ship went to the Arctic. Only
the work of subsequent years, it was found that Wrangel Land is a
relatively small island.
The strait separating
the island of Wrangel from the mainland.