Long Thomas

Captain of the American whaling barge "Nile". 
In the summer of 1867  without meeting the ice, he reached the Shelagsky Cape, from where he turned north, hoping to meet whales and not thinking about geographical discoveries. Having met the ice, the ship turned to the east, and soon not strange clouds, not the mountains were noticed from the watch. From the bridge, Long clearly saw the contours of a distant land. The ice stopped the ship 18 miles from shore. With clear sunny windless weather, Long managed to pinpoint his whereabouts and calculate the coordinates of the southwestern tip of the earth. The vessel passed to its southeastern tip, but it was not possible to determine how far it stretches to the north because of the ice. It was the land discovered in 1849 by American captain G. Kellett during the search for the missing expedition of J. Franklin and named after him as one of the ships of the search expedition “Earth Plover”. Kellett believed that it is the southern tip of the great land, occupying the central part of the Arctic. The earth was located almost in the place where F.P.  Wrangel was predicted its existence. 
Honest and noble Long, familiar with the works of Wrangel, in deference to his four-year attempts to reach this land called it the "Wrangel Land".


Wrangel Island

(satellite photo)


He called the perceptible mountain in the west of the island the mountain of Thomas in honor of the sailor, who first noticed the land, and the extreme eastern tip of the Hawaii Cape, apparently recalling the Hawaiian islands, from where his ship went to the Arctic. Only the work of subsequent years, it was found that Wrangel Land is a relatively small island. 
The strait separating the island of Wrangel from the mainland.


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