Lutkovsky Feopempt Stepanovich



Russian sailor, Rear Admiral.

Born in the village of Mikulin, Rzhev district, Tver province (now Rzhevsky district, Tver region). First brought up in an English hostel in St. Petersburg, and in August 1816 entered the Naval Cadet Corps.

Gardemarin participated in round-the-world voyage on the sloop "Kamchatka", commanded by V.M. Golovnin. English-speaking Lutkovsky in foreign ports also acted as interpreter during the business negotiations of the commander, who noted in his description of the journey: “Feopempt Lutkovsky was my usual companion on such trips throughout our journey; he alone knew English quite well, known in all coastal places inhabited by Europeans, and brought me great benefit and help ... If the cadets of the sea corps understood how to hurt an officer in foreign lands, do not know any foreign language, would have used every possible endeavor to study them".

On September 22, 1819  Lutkovsky was given the first officer rank - midshipman. In the years 1821-1824  he participates in the second round-the-world voyage this time on the sloop Apollo, after which he is awarded the Order of St. Anna of the 3rd degree and a pension. From 1824 to 1826 he was entrusted with the appointment of the general-commissar of the fleet V.M. Golovnin for special assignments.

The name of Feopempt Stepanovich Lutkovsky is also associated with the Decembrist uprising. The uprising caught Lutkovsky in St. Petersburg, he was arrested - in the case of the Investigative Committee, it was written: “According to Divov (Decembrist), Lutkovsky praised Zavalishin (Decembrist, sailor) and sometimes visited common conversations where he expressed a desire for revolution and republican rule ... When asked about this commission, one of the Belyaevs answered that Lutkovsky had a free mind. Another Belyaev showed that with him, in addition to empty talk, he no longer had any. However, Zavalishin told him that Lutkovsky did not belong to society, that he was windy and had little concern for free-thinking. Zavalishin, also asked about this, noted that if Lutkovsky judged freely about the government, it was to gain their trust, because, having found all of them with a free way of thinking, he had to adapt himself to this, that this way of thinking was not peculiar to him. tom refers to those who knew him".  Perhaps the Decembrists somehow barred Lutkovsky, as later his friend F.F. Matyushkin   (with whom they met during the voyage around the world on the sloop "Kamchatka" in 1817-1819) in a letter to Lutkovsky advised him to burn his messages, apparently, there was something "reprehensible" in them.

As a result, the Investigation Commission failed to prove Lutkovsky’s involvement in the activities of the Decembrist societies, and he was released. January 13, 1826 he was awarded the next rank - lieutenant. Nevertheless, on July 13 of the same year, Nicholas I ordered the transfer of Lieutenant Lutkovsky from the Baltic to the Black Sea Fleet. In this case, Admiral A.S. Greigu was instructed to establish special supervision over him.

Consisting of a flag officer at Vice Admiral Greig, Lutkovsky took part in the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829. In 1828  for participation in the capture of Anapa and the blockade of Varna, Lutkovsky was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir of the 4th Degree with a bow and was released from supervision. He was allowed to come to Petersburg, but with the establishment of secret surveillance during his stay in the capital.

In the years 1831-1833 Lutkovsky's service is linked to the Mediterranean. He was sent to Turkey, where he was at the Russian embassy and commanded the boat "Nightingale". He compiled a description of the ports of the Black Sea and, which was especially valuable, the Turkish and Egyptian fleets, as well as the city of Alexandria. This excellent description subsequently helped the Russians under the leadership of the celebrated admiral P.S. Nakhimov burn the Turkish fleet at Sinop.

On October 1, 1833  Lutkovsky was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander, and for "immaculate service in the officer ranks" during 18 naval campaigns, he was awarded the Order of St. George of the 4th degree. In 1835 he was appointed commander of the corvette Navarin, and then commander of the frigate Prince Orange. On these ships, Lutkovsky sailed in the Baltic Sea and in the Gulf of Finland.

On February 23, 1834 Feopempt Stepanovich was a guarantor at the wedding ceremony in the Revel cathedral church of Vladimir Volkhovsky (lyceum friend of AS Pushkin) and Maria Malinovskaya (daughter of the first director of lyceum). The wedding was also attended by a friend of Lutkovsky and Pushkin Fedor Matyushkin.

In 1838 Lutkovsky was appointed officer for special assignments under Vice Admiral M.N. Vasilyev, and since 1839 he has been acting as chief of staff under Admiral General Grand Prince Konstantin Nikolayevich. During the years 1839-1844. Lutkovsky accompanied him in all the voyages on the Baltic Sea.

On April 11, 1841  for honors, Lutkovsky was promoted to captain of the 2nd rank, and on December 6, 1843 - to captain of the 1st rank. In 1844 on the ship "Ingermanland", he moved along with the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich from Arkhangelsk to Kronstadt, and in 1845-1846  sailed with him in the Black and Mediterranean seas.

In 1848 Lutkovsky was appointed vice-director of the Inspectorate Department of the Maritime Ministry. On December 6, 1849  he was made a rear admiral and enrolled in the retinue of the king. After assignment of the rank of Conr-admiral, he would be awarded the domestic orders of St. Anna of the 2nd degree, St. Vladimir of the 3rd degree, St. Stanislav 1st degree. In addition, he had foreign awards: the Order of the Netherlands Lion, the Neapolitan Order of Francis the 1st, the SwedishOrder of the Sword and the Danish Order of Danebrog.

Since the formation of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in 1845  Lutkovsky was a member of it.

He died in St. Petersburg, buried in the Sergiev desert.

The northern entrance cape of Shamardin Bay on the Kara coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. The name is given by P.K. Pakhtusov in 1835.


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