merchant, an outstanding traveler of the XVIII century.
Born in Iverness. As
a young man, MacKenzie emigrated to Canada and got a place in the
office of Mr. Gregory, one of the partners of the Northwest Fur
nearly eight years, he served with Gregory at Fort Chipevayan on the
shore of Lake Athabasca in the desert wilderness to the west of
Hudson Bay. Assessing
the mind and enterprising nature of Mackenzie, his knowledge of the
country and the local population, the company sent him on a research
expedition to the areas northwest of the fort, which were supposed
to border on the Arctic Ocean. Some
of them explored Hearn during his visit to the Mednorudnaya River.
Mackenzie in the group, which included four Canadians, a German,
three Indians, as well as two Canadian and two Indian women, left
the fort on June 3, 1789. On
four canoes they traveled 170 miles on the Slave River and on 9 June
they reached Slave
waiting six days until the ice permits, on June 15, the travelers
continued their canoeing along the shore of the lake and on June 29
reached the source of the river, which flowed directly to the west. With
persistence and fearlessness that could not break any dangers and
difficulties, the Mackenzie party moved down the river and on July
15 reached its destination of the Arctic Ocean at 69°N. At
the landing site, MacKenzie placed a pillar on which he carved his
name and the names of all his companions. After
completing the return route, on September 12, we returned to Fort
open Mackenzie river now bears his name.
October 10, 1792 Mackenzie went on a new dangerous journey, whose
goal was to reach the Pacific Ocean. Before
him, no European not only did not perform, but did not even try to
do that. And
the McKenzie attempt proved successful. Having
done part of the way along rivers, part over land, overcoming even
greater difficulties and dangers than in the previous hike, the
Mackenzie party crossed the American continent and on July 23, 1793
reached the sea coast at 52°N. At
this point, a memorial sign was erected by the Government of Canada.
After returning by the same route to Fort Chipevian, Mackenzie
was engaged in fur trade, the profitability of which was largely
facilitated by his travels. After
a while he returned to England, where in 1801 he published a book
about his travels. The
value of his activities was highly appreciated. Shortly
after the publication of the book, Mackenzie gained nobility. Information
about the subsequent period of his life and circumstances
of death not
in the Parish
Church of Ross & Cromarty, Avoch, Highland,
the north coast of Canada in the Beaufort Sea.
the west coast of the Melville Peninsula in northern Canada.
A river in
northern Canada flowing into the Mackenzie Bay of the Beaufort Sea.