Maksimov Georgiy Sergeevich
hydrograph-surveyor, professor, doctor of technical sciences.
Born in St. Petersburg, in the family of an ethnographer,
honorary academician S.V. Maximov,
the author of the popular in the late XIX century books "Year in the
North" and "Siberia and penal servitude".
In 1891 Maksimov graduated from the naval school, began service
in the Baltic Fleet. In
1896 after graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps, Maksimov, at his
request, was transferred to the Siberian navy crew by a watch
officer of the Yakut transport who was engaged in guarding the Far
Eastern industries and associated hydrographic work that fascinated
the young officer. To
the surprise of many, a prestigious and better paid military
service, he preferred heavy hydrographic studies, going to the
hydrographic vessel "Tungus". In
1898 Maximov was appointed Assistant Chief of the Hydrological
Expedition of the Eastern Ocean.
In 1900 Maksimov continued his education by enrolling at the
Maritime Academy, after which he completed two years of training in
astronomy and geodesy at the Pulkovo Observatory under the
outstanding Russian scientist F.F. Vitram. In
the years 1905-1914 he
conducted hydrographic work in the Baltic Sea and off the Murmansk
coast as a party leader, and then as an expedition leader.
During the First World War Maximov served as head of the
geodetic department of the Main Hydrographic Office. In
Soviet times, he trained hydrographs for the Navy, was the director
of hydrography and navigational affairs at the Baltic Sea Ship
Safety Directorate. After
Directorate of the Northern Sea Route Maximov prepared cadres of polar hydrographs
on courses organized by him, advised hydrographic and geodetic work
in Altai and in Karelia, on the construction of the White Sea-Baltic
Makarov Embankment (Tuchkov), house 14. G.S. Maximov
at the time of 1934
During the blockade, Maksimov lost his wife and two sons, and he
was barely alive and was evacuated to Krasnoyarsk.
After the war he headed the department of hydrography in
Higher Arctic Marine School. He
wrote the fundamental monographs "Hydrography" and "Hydrographic
inventory", dozens of scientific articles on many special issues.
He died in Leningrad, buried at the Bolsheokhtinsky
Maximov) in the west of the island of George Land Archipelago Franz-Josef
by polar hydrographers in 1956 (decision of the Arkhangelsk
Regional Executive Committee No. 271).