Malygin Stepan Gavrilovich 
(1702–01.08.1764)


Captain Commander, scientist navigator, member of the Great Northern Expedition. 
Born into the family of a landowner nobleman of the Yaroslavl Province. In the period 1711–1717 Malygin studied at the Moscow Navigation School, and then at the Naval Academy, which he graduated first in graduation in 1721 and was promoted to non-lieutenant. After 9 months, he received another lieutenant rank, which was an unprecedented case for those times. 
While sailing on various ships in the Baltic and Barents seas, Malygin received excellent practical training, which, together with excellent theoretical knowledge and natural abilities, made him a brilliant connoisseur of the navigator's business. In 1731 he compiled the first navigation guide in the Russian fleet, and taught at the Navigator Company, which trains naval navigators. 
In 1736 the Admiralty Board appointed Malygina the head of the most western Dvina-Ob squadron of the All-Union Expeditionary Unit instead of those discharged for poor service and degraded by S. Muravyev and M. Pavlov. This detachment was faced with the task of shooting the Arctic coast between the mouths of the Pechora and the Ob. Malygin was instructed to organize a special ground unit for setting visible signs on the coast of the Gulf of Ob, as well as to search for convenient berthing places and wintering of ships. In addition, it was necessary to staff the team of the strongest of the two nomads (“Ob” and “Expedition”) with reliable people and in the spring to leave the mouth of the Pechora River to the Yugorsky Shar Strait, where two more bots built in Arkhangelsk were expected to arrive. Once in command of all the ships, Malygin had to move with the shooting to the east. In case of non-fulfillment of the task for one summer, he was instructed to stay for the winter. In May, the Expedition was ready for the march, but an attempt to leave the Pechora in the sea was unsuccessful. At the mouth, the vessel was squeezed by ice, which broke the steering wheel and broke the stem. It was possible to save all the people and most of the food, unloaded on the shore. In June, the second Koch “Ob” was repaired. It was only in August that they managed to get out to sea and meet the bots who had come from Arkhangelsk under the leadership of Lieutenants A. Skuratov and Sukhotin. In early August, all three vessels reached the Yugorsky Ball Strait. The ice situation in the Kara Sea was difficult, and Malygin decided to send the Ob river poorly adapted for ice navigation to Arkhangelsk and continue shooting with bots. Overcoming great difficulties, the bots under the command of Malygin and Skuratov passed with shooting and measuring to the mouth of the Kara, where they were forced to stay for the winter. 
The ground detachment leading the coastal survey arrived here.

 

"Expedition" is trapped by ice in the mouth of the Pechora.

Cargo and people managed to save. 1737 year.

Fig. E. Protopopov

 

With the onset of light days, the ground survey was continued, and the voyage was resumed only in July. By mid-September, the detachment reached its final goal - the mouth of the Ob. Having transferred the command to Skuratov, Malygin went on a report to Petersburg, where the work of the detachment received the highest rating from the Admiralty Board. Later F.P. Litke wrote that Malygin had performed everything “that he had been entitled to” and distinguished himself “with all the virtues with which we are surprised at the first and most glorious sailors: determination and tirelessness”. 
In 1738 Malygin returned to the practical training of navigators. He commanded the courts in the Baltic, was the commander of the navigator company, participated in hostilities against the Swedes in the war of 1742–1743. 
In the early 1750s after serving in the navy for 35 years, he submitted a petition for transfer to the coastal service due to deteriorating health. He was the commander of Kronstadt, and then the port of Riga. 
In 1762  Malygin was promoted to captain-commander and appointed head of the Admiralty office in Kazan. Here he, cut off from the maritime affairs, soon died. 
Cape in the south-west of the White Island in the Kara Sea. Called in 1894–1895 by hydrographic expedition to study the mouths of the Yenisei and Ob rivers under the guidance of A.I. Vilkitsky. 
Strait between the island of White and the Yamal Peninsula. Named in 1878 by N.A. Nordenskiöld.

 

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